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Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity - 1 historical identification(since 1900...

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Race and Ethnicity 1. Anthropologists approach race differently than psychologists/etc. 2. Anthropologists believe race are sociological constructions 3. Jefferson M. Fish, “Mixed Blood” 4. 1st feature of race in brazil: tends to be based on a number of physical characteristics 5. 2nd: it contains many, many more categories than the U.S. system. 6. 3rd: In brazil it is not uncommon for to siblings to be classified as a different race 7. 4th: Racial classifications can change, even from day to day. 8. In addition, physical change can dramatically change over time 9. Classification is used for clarity 10. Example - in pre20th century china, body hair was how they classified race. The hairier you were the more barbaric you were. 11. 7 mandatory criteria for recognition as a tribe:
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Unformatted text preview: 1. historical identification (since 1900) 2. Community (since historic times) 3. Political authority and influence (since historic times) 4. Government document 5. Membership composed of individuals who descend from an historic tribe or tribes who combined and functioned as a single autonomous entity 6. Not members of another tribe 7. Not subject to termination legislature 12. Morton v. Mancari: (1974) - affirms that "Indian is not a race" but "a political status." 13. St. Cloud v. U.S.: (1988) - full blood Ponca Indian St. Cloud not an Indian because Indian is not a race. To be an Indian you must be an enrolled member of a federally-recognized tribe....
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