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Unformatted text preview: Career Choice and Development and the Changing Nature of Work 73 5 T his chapter focuses on career choice and development constraints that have emerged from changes in the workplace, how work is being restructured, and how the nature of work is changing. For the past 30 years, the changing organizational context of careers and new concepts in career development have received considerable attention. Economic restructuring, demographic changes, globalization of the economy, external markets, and technological changes have dominated the dialogue. What has happened to work in America has significant consequences for many families and espe- cially for individuals who experience constraints in career choice and for those who find barriers to their career development. There appears to be a consensus of opinion that many adults will make multiple career choices over their life spans (Drucker, 2002; Feldman, 2002). This suggests that adults will be challenged to meet the demands of changing technology and other changing work roles. Changes in the workplace may be accompanied by individual problems associated with mental health concerns or faulty beliefs that were discussed in Chapter 4. As helpers, we must recognize that the changes in how, where, and when people work reflect ongoing complex changes in most aspects of our society. Changes, however, are not new for the American workforce; changing work roles have been ongoing since our country’s inception. Thus, most workers recognize that there have been significant changes in the nature of work over a period of time. New careers and work procedures have been developed on a fairly regular basis throughout U.S. history. Currently, however, one of the major concerns is the restructuring of the U.S. economy and extensive and rapid ongoing changes that require individual workers to change their career development plans. Some people view the ongoing restructuring of organi- zational changes as significantly limiting their freedom of choice. This per- spective is quite different from traditional beliefs; most Americans believe in the right to choose, which has been an underlying principle of the American dream. In this chapter, I discuss changes in the workforce brought about by 05-Zunker-45619:05-Zunker-45619.qxp 5/5/2008 6:29 PM Page 73 economic restructuring, technological advances, and external market demands. Although changes in the workplace are discussed separately, extensive restructuring of the workplace and economy are considered to be interre- lated and intertwined. Within each of these contexts potential individual reactions to career choice and development are discussed, as are the accom- panying mental health problems. In addition, an identity crisis may present significant barriers for some adolescents while they are in the process of making an initial choice. The first part of this chapter focuses on initial career choice. This overview of how initial career choice is shaped provides a backdrop for later discussions on constraints. The rationale here is that thea backdrop for later discussions on constraints....
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2011 for the course HR 105 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '11 term at Abilene Christian University.
- Spring '11
- The Land