Honors 110 Study Guide Final Exam

Honors 110 Study Guide Final Exam - Daniel Won Honors 110...

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Daniel Won Honors 110 Study Guide Final Exam Significance (6) Vikings Main reason for the end of Charlemagne’s empire. They arrive at the end of 700’s. Driven by overpopulation they migrated. The Vikings were both traders and raiders. They used fur as the main trading tool. Usually raided monasteries. Superb seaman, and created longboats. They would appear out of nowhere, raid, and then disappear. Vikings were fearless and moved swiftly. Settled on Iceland and Greenland. They invaded all kinds of rivers and oceans, and caused a lot of damage in the British isles. They even settled as far as Russia. They laid settlements in Dublin, York, and Limerick in which became future stable cities. Vikings later became Christians and settled and married locally. What stayed with the Vikings were the settlements. For years the Vikings terrified everyone. They were traders that later settled. The Vikings were bigger and taller, big people with red hair and axes. Vikings became part of the medieval society. St. Francis of Assisi Son of a wealthy clock merchant. Had an intense revolution, stated to give up being a merchant going to embrace absolute poverty, to own nothing. He went off to preach, begged for food, and accepted no money. He preached to the poorest and wretched people in the city. He received stigmata (wounds of Christ). St. Francis’s followers built a big church for him. Showed the distinction between the clergy who lived like princes, and people who lived the opposite like St. Francis. His movements emphasized on the no acceptance of money, and the begging for food. Most of his follows later decide that it’s ok for the church to receive money in St. Francis’s sake, while the others did not, causing problems and conflicts later on. The true idea of being a spiritual Franciscan lived with St. Francis and until his death. The Prince by Machiavelli – It is how a prince gains power, maintains power, and gets more power. Stating that is not virtue but the appearance of virtue that is important. That your image plays over everything. A prince should be feared rather than loved. It was also in direct conflict with the dominant Catholic and scholastic doctrines of the time concerning how to consider politics and ethics . General theme of accepting that the aims of princes, such as glory, and indeed survival, can justify the use of immoral means to achieve those ends. Talked about modern politics. The first time how politics really were and not how it should be. Back then writers would often state the king can become a godly person and ruled like the merciful and powerful God, based on the ideal of a Christian state. The Prince by Machiavelli
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really emphasized on how the state really is and not to think how it should be. To play things as they are. It was the primer of modern politics.
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course HON 110 H taught by Professor Wintrol during the Spring '11 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

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Honors 110 Study Guide Final Exam - Daniel Won Honors 110...

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