Hon 110 Notes 4 25 11 - Hon 110 Notes 4/25/11 Renewal...

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Hon 110 Notes 4/25/11 Renewal 1000’s Renewal of the state England, France, Germany (loose states of Germany) Commerce begins Towns develop Renewal in the church Period in which state develops Charlemagne, and King Alford 1100 beginning of seeing yourself Unified realm Common law and state Kings became powerful monarchs England -1066 Battle of Hastings Since then England was never invaded Duke of Normandy, had a stake in the kingdom Illegitimate son
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Comes from France and defeats the Anglo-Saxons William brings the French aristocracy Sets up hierarchy Doomsday book – like people at judged end of world, presents facts that cant be disputed States becoming much more organized Shown from books Everything changing More organized and ordered William had problem with his sons Finally crown goes to Henry II Henry extended royal power through royal justice Idea having unified sense of justice Supersede local customs and local rules and local laws Early Anglo-Saxons established, districts of justice Henry left these intact Hears trials Like arson, murder, and rape
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Disturb king’s peace Before justice, solved by combat or by ordeal Tried these people, often have juries System also extended to the church -problems because churches have own courts Who has what stake where Church and State Thomas Becket, really close of friends with Henry Companions Archbishop position opens Henry appoints Thomas Thomas is archbishop of Canterbury Church doesn’t like king appointing own archbishop Now king is upset Lots of conflict Historians have argued with Henry’s involvement He had to strip down and scourged Publicly say Im sorry for this whole thing Sons don’t inherit father’s strength Sense of what to do and grandiose ideals in Henry
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Henry started to think like monarch Sons don’t inherit like this Richard the Lionhearted Next king Busy in crusades Not good ruler, but has own reputation Rarely in England Richard dies trying to invade a castle Crown goes to John Dreadful ruler Irritate everyone Soon all barrens rebel Make him sign the Magna Carte – Great Charter Really didn’t change anything but lays groundwork No freed man can be arrested, imprisoned, or deprived of property by the King – king not above the law Small percentage of actual freed man – the barrens and knights Definition what men have in common Expanded to all king’s subject Magna Carta as a guarantee of Englishman rights
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Henry II’s wife – Eleanor Fascinating life Show fascinating aristocratic women life She’s always known as Eleanor of Aquitaine – huge inheritance Incredible wealthy and powerful of heiress First married to King of France Don’t like each other, and got annulment Had great deal of attraction with each other between Henry II
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course HON 110 H taught by Professor Wintrol during the Spring '11 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

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Hon 110 Notes 4 25 11 - Hon 110 Notes 4/25/11 Renewal...

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