Hon 110 Notes 4 13 11 - Hon 110 Notes Christianity...

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Hon 110 Notes 4/13/11 Christianity – developed in Judea Occupied by Romans Roman province Not letting people practice their religion Romans did not appreciate Jewish culture Just maintain order Jews had a lot of trouble under Roman rule God had liberated them – said Chosen people, how can chosen people be under another civilization (rome) Zealot – Person really driven by anything, such as religion, politics, cause At this time it was religious and political movement – basically terrorist Apocalyptic – end of the world Times are bad now, God will send chosen one “Messiah” Messiah will destroy Roman legions, usher a period of peace and prosperity for the Jews Era of Jesus was living in Galilee, where he was from a place full of zealots
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Jesus message – new law, new kingdom New Kingdom open to anyone Equality, peace, forgiveness, God’s law – love everyone and forgive everyone Talk by parables – metaphorical stories Did not really say what they meant, left it to people’s interpretation Apostles written after Jesus death, not contemporary Jesus arrives Jerusalem during Passover, full of rebellion, zealots there Not good situation He is accused of blasphemy Turned into Romans and crucified Three days later resurrection Did not expected, expected destruction of Rome and planet of plenty Most followers Jewish, switches to own religion Paul of Tarsus spread religion of Christianity outside of Jewish society He began life as prosecutor of new sect of Christianity Road to Damascus, he had a mystical convergence Thrown from horse, from blinding light After couple days, he is most responsible for spreading Christianity
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Paul was educated, Hellenistic Jew Could speak Greek, and comfortable in Greek culture He was also Roman citizen Believed Christianity to everybody, to go Non Jews Now Jewish religion has certain rituals and rights, only to the Jewish people Circumcision – sealing of the covenant by blood First thing Paul felt unnecessary Dietary laws – cant mix with any milk and meat Very strict laws in butchering meat, and what you can eat Jews could not accept these two things Paul traveled thousands and thousands of miles Pax Romana helped him out to travel I Roman empire Most important person to spread Christianity Paul left a huge amount of writing 66 AD breakout in full revolt against Roman legions Not good to revolt against Romans Romans put down revolt
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Temple totally destroyed full of zealots Later second revolt, all of the Jews are told either sold into slavery, executed, or forced into exile No Jews can live in Judea anymore Invite non Jews to live in Judea Jews become disperse people Beginning of Diaspora – mass movement or migration Martyrs become a potent force Christianity spread throughout Europe Major religion in Middle Classes Did not discriminate by class, sex, and race Jewish women were kept behind drapes and curtains, most services for men
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Hon 110 Notes 4 13 11 - Hon 110 Notes Christianity...

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