Hon 110 Notes 4 27 11 - Hon 110 Notes 4/27/11 Parliament...

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Hon 110 Notes 4/27/11 Parliament starts early in High Middle Ages 1600’s much more powerful than king Depose and execute the king France – powerful lords and weak king/monarchy Biggest country, most populous and wealthy Leader in arts and culture in High Middle Ages All the way until end of World War I Biggest assembly Estates general Not as strong as parliament Not permanent institute such as Parliament Time of French Revolution than call the estates general End of 100 years war England weakens , monarchy itself will suffer In England, going to be dynastic wars – War of the Roses Henry 7 th wins Teuter Family Now talk about Germany
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Fragmented association, diff individual groups of power 7 princes – immense power Diff Germany Emperor, but not hereditary Emperor elected by the 7 princes – he usually one of them Holy Roman Empire – picked up title to be connected Ancient Rome Not Roman and not much of an empire High Middle Ages during Church reform Powerful reform Gregory 7 th , big proponent of church reform Battle Who has the right to be bishop in the realm King selects own bishop and invests in them Pope comes in and says you have no right King is the loser, and pope wins In the struggle, allowed to go to more powerful in the lords, diminishes power of Emperor Goes to Frederick II German Emperor Wanted to make it a hereditary emperor He gave everything the princes asked for Ensured Germany to be fragmented
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By time of reformation, Germany held by different of 7 princes Remain until 1870 No sense of unity Papacy changes in High Middle Ages Reform caught whole in the churches Hildega – sinner of mankind didn’t come from resurrection Came from incarnation God made man Only happened through women She claimed women center of creation Hierarchy has to agree with it with reform 13 th century Intense development of nation states Church leads to banish spiritual enforcements and go to political actions Interject into power politics Ends up like this Pope Innocent the Third, pinnacle of church involvement in politics Process came commercial enterprise
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So occupied with secular power, opened to a lot of criticism Abandoning spiritual mission No one but the pope can tax the clergy Put for theory, transubstantiation During ritual of mass, pope would up hoist, cup of win, bread Wine and flesh of Jesus Christ The essence of the substances but remains the same Looks like bread and wine, but actually partaking flesh and blood of Christ Church policy Some people in the church looked differently Increase power of clergy Not even kings could change this Seems like priest above everyone else By end of 13 th century, Kings having upper hand Papacy gonna lose Not have resources to fight these emerging nation states Unumsacntum – authority of pope over authority of king, earthly domain Next king under control of French crown, instead of pope controlling king, the king controls the pope New King forces pope to condemn the Knights Templar, crusaders in Middle East Heretics
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Hon 110 Notes 4 27 11 - Hon 110 Notes 4/27/11 Parliament...

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