Hon 110 Notes 3 28 11 - Hon 110 Notes 3/28/11...

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Hon 110 Notes 3/28/11 [email protected] (previous notes – which I was not in class for) Romanization Conquerors – conquer with the sword 14 AD Augustus died, 60 to 100 million people encompassed this Empire Military powers Genius in conquering ppl Civil service that Augustus setup, Romans talent in adapting and borrowing technology, also improving it Ability to encompass a large population of people Gaul (France) 9 years to conquer Caesar said I killed million men, enslaved million more Carthage – dirty business of conquering Roman then transfer an area Gaul was a long hardy bloody conquest Built roads and cities, and aqueducts in Gaul Brought law, language, and writing
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20 years then people speak latin, wear togas Gaulic citizens become Romans Being conquered to be part of the system Happened in Spain, and Africa Romans always borrowed where they conquer No desire to oppress – because brings out rebellion Always put local leaders and system in place Romans only for top administrations Only let local elites be part of the system German frontier, Judea – places of no real Roman conquerization Romans accomplish this transformation Don’t think of them as special people like Jews, or elite such as Greek Can be Roman, but from anywhere Can be born in Spain, etc… Romans had no definition of Race Don’t define them by skin color, but by attitudes Absorb other people Hadn’t process called Romanization, then Rome wouldn’t have long lasting impact Soldiers built roads and cities and aqueducts (the legions) Idle soldiers never a good idea
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Had a genius when waging war Romanization – time of happiness 180 AD “Pax Romana” Creation of world state that had peace and stability, and a rule of law Built harbors and farms Aqueducts and sewers Era of good peace Lead to economic growth Goods transported that was safe by Romans Goods went over sea Clear of pirates Huge variety of goods in Empire Silks and spices and pearls from African lands to Rome Trade with India and China Think about modern one world One law – one government – one coinage Single currency
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Created scores and scores of new cities Recreated older ones Troops would guard cities Roman world was a world of cities Urban world Roman – connected to what it meant to be in city City sprung up everywhere, became larger and larger
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course HON 110 H taught by Professor Wintrol during the Spring '11 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

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Hon 110 Notes 3 28 11 - Hon 110 Notes 3/28/11...

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