8086074-Overview-of-Child-Health-Nursing-Lecture-Notes-pediatrics

8086074-Overview-of-Child-Health-Nursing-Lecture-Notes-pediatrics

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Overview of Child Health Nursing Child Health Nursing • Focuses on protecting children from illness and injury • Assists children to obtain optimal levels of wellness Primary roles of the Pediatric Nurse • Care provider • Educator • Advocate Pediatric Health Statistics • Infant Mortality o Number of deaths per 1000 live births during 1 st year of life. o Infant mortality rate is an indicator of how healthy the nation is. o This rate is used to compare national health care to previous years and to other countries. o There has been a great decrease in the number of deaths over the past century. In 1997, 6.9 per 100 live births. Childhood Mortality • For children older than one year, death rates have always been less than those for infants. • In later adolescence, there is a sharp rise in deaths. Injuries; the leading killer in childhood • Injuries cause more death and disabilities in children than any diseases. • Some examples include: o Motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of death in children over 1 year of age. o Majority of deaths are due to no use of seatbelts. • Drowning is 2 nd leading cause of death in boys 1-14; both sexes 15-24 years old. Drowning is the 3 rd leading cause of death for girls 1-14. • Burns are the 2 nd leading cause of death from injury in girls and the 3 rd in boys from 1-14 years old. Childhood Morbidity (Illness) • An illness or injury that limits activity, requires medical attention or hospitalization, or results in a chronic condition. • Examples: o Congenital heart defects o Asthma o Cerebral Palsy o Cystic Fibrosis • Concerned with helping to decrease these statistics as children miss school and other activities when ill. Advanced Practice roles for nurses in Child health nursing • Family nurse practitioner • Neonatal nurse practitioner • Pediatric nurse practitioner • Nurse midwife Growth and Development • Growth : used to show an increase in physical size or a significant change. • Includes: o Height o Weight o Head circumference • Development : Used to denote an increase in skill or ability to finction . • Measured by: o Observing child do specific tasks o Parents description of child’s ability o Using standardized testing (Denver II screening test) Principles of Growth and development • G & D is a continuous process from birth to death o Rate of growth varies at different times • G & D proceeds in an orderly manner o Growth from smaller to larger o Development: from sitting to crawling to walking • Different children pass through the predictable stages at different rates • All body systems do not develop at the same time. • CNS, Cardiac develops quickly....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course NURSING 112 taught by Professor Brinley during the Spring '11 term at Pace.

Page1 / 81

8086074-Overview-of-Child-Health-Nursing-Lecture-Notes-pediatrics

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online