16218928-Module-09Pediatric-Nursing

16218928-Module-09Pediatric-Nursing - PEDIATRIC NURSING...

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1 PEDIATRIC NURSING PEDIATRIC NURSING Care of the Child Care of the Child and Family
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2 Developmental Theorists Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs (1954) Erik Erikson - Psychosocial Theory Jean Piaget - Cognitive Theory
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3 Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs ciples: individual’s needs are depicted in ascending levels on the erarchy eds at one level must be met before one can focus on a hig el need ls of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: Physiologic/Survival Needs Safety and Security Needs Affection or Belonging Needs Self-esteem/Respect Needs Self-actualization Needs
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4 Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory Birth to 1 year: Trust vs. Mistrust 1 – 3 years: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt 3 – 6 years: Initiative vs Guilt 6 – 12 years: Industry vs. Inferiority 12 – 18 years: Identity vs. Role Confusion Young Adults: Intimacy vs. Isolation
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5 TRUST VS. MISTRUST Birth - 1 year World/Self is good Basic needs met Met = happy baby Unmet = crying, tense, clinging Stranger Anxiety Separation Anxiety Photo Source: Del Mar Image Library; Used with permission
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6 AUTONOMY VS. SHAME & DOUBT 1 – 3 years Sense of control Exerts self/will Pride in self- accomplishment Negativism Ritualism/Routines Parallel play Photo Source: Del Mar Image Library; Used with permission
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7 INITIATIVE VS. GUILT 3 – 6 years “Can-do” attitude Behavior is goal- directed and imaginative Play is work Be careful with criticism Photo Source: Del Mar Image Library; Used with permission
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8 INDUSTRY VS. INFERIORITY 6 – 12 years Mastery of skills Peers in both play and work Rules important Competition Predictability Photo Source: Del Mar Image Library; Used with permission
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9 IDENTITY VS. ROLE CONFUSION 12 -18 years Sense of “I” Peers are very important Independence from parents Self-image Photo Source: Del Mar Image Library; Used with permission
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10 Piaget’s Cognitive Theory Development of Thought Processes: 30 – 2 years: Sensorimotor 32 – 7 years: Preoperational 37 – 11 years: Concrete Operations 311 years + : Formal Operations
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11 SENSORIMOTOR Birth - 2 years Reflexive behavior leads to intentional behavior Egocentric view of world Cognitive parallels motor development Object Permanence
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12 PREOPERATIONAL THOUGHT 2 - 7 years Egocentric thinking Magical thinking Dominated by self- perception Animism No irreversibility Thoughts cause actions Photo Source: Del Mar Image Library; Used with permission
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13 CONCRETE OPERATIONS 7 - 11 years Systematic/logical Fact from fantasy Sense of time Problem solve Reversibility Cause & effect Humor Photo Source: Del Mar Image Library; Used with permission
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