19383834-Cystic-fibrosis

19383834-Cystic-fibrosis - Cystic Fibros is By: MA. CLARITA...

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Unformatted text preview: Cystic Fibros is By: MA. CLARITA VARQUEZ BSN 2b RLE Group 4 I. Introduction Cystic fibrosis is a multi-system disorder of the exocrine glands, leading to increased production of thick mucus in bronchioles, small intestines and pancreatic and bile ducts & even causes fertility problems. It is an autosomal recessive disorder that obstructs small passageways of these organs: Lungs (bronchioles): atelectasis (lung collapse) & Emphysema (Overinflation of the alveoli) Pancreatic ducts become clogged, impairing digestion and absorption Small intestine: absence of pancreatic enzymes unable to absorb fats and protein. Symptoms of cystic fibrosis are: In babies and infants, persistent diarrhea bulky, foul smelling and greasy stools pale stools frequent wheezing or pneumonia chronic cough with thick mucus salty-tasting skin poor growth blockage of the intestine (called meconium ileus) abdominal swelling gassiness vomiting dehydration In children, frequent respiratory infections fever cough difficulty in breathing abdominal pain and discomfort gassiness fast respiration flaring of the nostrils poor appetite malnutrition poor growth a barrel-chested appearance CF can also cause other medical problems, such as: sinusitis (inflammation of the nasal sinuses) nasal polyps (fleshy growths inside the nose) clubbing (rounding and enlargement of fingers and toes) pneumothorax (rupture of lung tissue and trapping of air between the lung and chest wall) coughing up blood enlargement of the right side of the heart (called cor pulmonale) protrusion of the rectum through the anus (called rectal prolapse) liver, pancreatic and gallbladder problems delayed puberty reproductive abnormalities (especially male sterility) - Over 90 percent of all males with CF are sterile. Cystic fibrosis is a common genetic disease within the Caucasian (white) population in the United States. The disease occurs in 1 in 2,500 to 3,500 Caucasian newborns. Cystic fibrosis is less common in other ethnic groups, affecting about 1 in 17,000 African Americans and 1 in 31,000 Asian Americans. Cystic fibrosis affects 1: 30 Europeans, 1: 3,000 WHITES, 1: 15,000 BLACKS and, 1: 90,000 ASIANS. The greatest risk factor for cystic fibrosis is a family history of the disease. If both come from families with cystic fibrosis, then each of their children has a one in four chance of having cystic fibrosis. Risk is also greater if they are under Northern European ancestry. In that case, they have a one in 29 chance of carrying the gene. Among other ethnic groups in the United States, Hispanics have a one in 46 chance of carrying the gene, blacks have a one in 65 chance and Asian- Americans a one in 90 chance....
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course NURSING 112 taught by Professor Brinley during the Spring '11 term at Pace.

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19383834-Cystic-fibrosis - Cystic Fibros is By: MA. CLARITA...

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