49240208-Ana-Phy-Female-reproductive-system

49240208-Ana-Phy-Female-reproductive-system - ANATOMY...

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ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY: Female Reproductive System 1-1. GENERAL The organs of the reproductive systems are concerned with the general process of reproduction, and each is adapted for specialized tasks. The female reproductive system consists of internal organs and external organs. The internal organs are located in the pelvic cavity and are supported by the pelvic floor. The external organs are located from the lower margin of the pubis to the perineum. The appearance of the external genitals varies greatly from woman to woman, since age, heredity, race, and the number of children a woman has borne determine the size, shape, and color. 1-2. TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Broad Ligaments . Two wing-like structures that extend from the lateral margins of the uterus to the pelvic walls and divide the pelvic cavity into an anterior and a posterior compartment. Corpus Luteum . The yellow mass found in the graafian follicle after the ovum has been expelled. Estrogen . The generic term for the female sex hormones. It is a steroid hormone produced primarily by the ovaries but also by the adrenal cortex. Fimbriae . Fringes; especially the finger-like ends of the fallopian tube.
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Follicle . A pouch like depression or cavity. Follicle Stimulating Hormone . The follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary during the first half of the menstrual cycle. It stimulates development of the graafian follicle. Graafian Follicle . A mature, fully developed ovarian cyst containing the ripe ovum. Hormone . A chemical substance produced in an organ, which, being carried to an associated organ by the bloodstream excites in the latter organ, a functional activity.
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