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60 Items pediatric Nursing questions with Rationale by: Jeddah 60 item PEDIATRIC NURSING Questions and Rationale by : JEDDAH Situation 1: Raphael, a 6 year’s old prep pupil is seen at the school clinic for growth and development monitoring (Questions 1-5) 1. Which of the following is characterized the rate of growth during this period? a. most rapid period of growth b. a decline in growth rate c. growth spurt d. slow uniform growth rate Correct answer is letter B. During the Preschooler stage growth is very minimal. Weight gain is only 4.5lbs (2kgs) per year and Height is 3.5in (6-8cm) per year. Review: Most rapid growth and development- Infancy Slow growth- Toddler hood and Preschooler Slower growth- School age Rapid growth- Adolescence 2. In assessing Raphael’s growth and development, the nurse is guided by principles of growth and development. Which is not included? a. All individuals follow cephalo-caudal and proximo-distal b. Different parts of the body grows at different rate c. All individual follow standard growth rate d. Rate and pattern of growth can be modified Growth and development occurs in cephalo-caudal meaning development occurs through out the body’s axis. Example: the child must be able to lift the head before he is able to lift his chest. Proximo-distal is development that progresses from center of the body to the extremities. Example: a child first develops arm movement before fine-finger movement. Different parts of the body grows at different range because some body tissue mature faster than the other such as the neurologic tissues peaks its growth during the first years of life while the genital tissue doesn’t till puberty. Also G&D is predictable in the sequence which a child normally precedes such as motor skills and behavior. Lastly G&D can never be modified “Haller? (Pwede mo bang turuan mag basa ang Infant? Or patayuin sya bago pa nakakagapang?) 3. What type of play will be ideal for Raphael at this period? a. Make believe b. Hide and seek c. Peek-a-boo d. Building blocks Correct answer is Letter A, make believe is most appropriate because it enhances the imitative play and imagination of the preschooler. C and D are for infants while letter A is B is recommended for schoolers because it enhances competitive play.
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4. Which of the following information indicate that Raphael is normal for his age? a. Determine own sense self b. Develop sense of whether he can trust the world c. Has the ability to try new things d. Learn basic skills within his culture The correct answer is letter C; because Erickson defines the developmental task of a preschool period is learning Initiative vs. Guilt. Children can initiate motor activities of various sorts on their own and no longer responds to or imitate the actions of other children or of their parents. Letter A and B is. . for you!! 5. Based on Kohlberg’s theory, what is the stage of moral development of Raphael?
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course NURSING 112 taught by Professor Brinley during the Spring '11 term at Pace.

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