28692677-Anatomy-of-Female-Reproductive-System - Anatomy of...

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Anatomy of Female Reproductive System The female reproductive system is comprised of the vagina, cervix, uterus, uterine (fallopian) tubes and ovaries. Reproduction: In the reproductive process, two kinds of sex cells or gametes are involved. The male sperm, and the female egg or ovum. These two cells meet in the female's reproductive system to create a new individual. The egg is fertilized in the uterine tube and implanted in the uterus. Both the male and female reproductive systems are essential for reproduction. The female needs a male to fertilize her egg, even though she is the one who carries the offspring through pregnancy and childbirth. Vagina: The vaginal wall is a thick, fibromusclar tube that forms the inferior- most region of the female-reproductive tract and measures about 4 inches in length in an adult female. It connects the uterus with the outside of the body anteromedially, and thus functions as a entry point for the penis during sexual intercourse. It is also the exit canal for blood discharge during menstruation and the baby during a vaginal childbirth. It's tube like structure helps connect the internal reproductive organs to the external genitalia.
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Cervix : The cervix is situated between the vagina and the uterus. It mucous membranes helps to either allow for the passage of sperm or the obstruction of sperm. The sperm must pass through the cervix to reach an unfertilized egg. When a baby is born it must pass through the cervix as it exits the uterus and enters the vagina. Cervical cancer is the greatest cancer concern for woman. Yearly pap smear cultures can monitor and detect abnormalities. It is common to have cervical cysts that cause no difficulties to cause concern. They can be monitored for changes and enlargement. Uterus : This muscular organ is made up of three layers from deep to superficial: endometrium, myometrium, perimetrium. The Endometrium can be further divided into Stratum Basalis and Stratum Functionalis which is the growth filled with blood and sluffed out on the next menstartion. A fertilized egg implants itself into the wall of the endometrium where it will develop throughout the pregnancy. Its also made up of 2 main parts. The Fundus which it the dome top of the uterus and the Body which is inferior to the fundus and superior to the cervix. Fallopian Tubes or Uterine Tubes : The fallopian tubes extend superiolaterally off the uterus and connects with the ovaries. These tubes have finger like projection's called Fimbrae at the end of the tube near the ovary. These finger like projections help to collect mature eggs released by the ovaries. Fertilization of the egg happens mostly in the first one third of the fallopian tube. Ovaries
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28692677-Anatomy-of-Female-Reproductive-System - Anatomy of...

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