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Unformatted text preview: Anatomical terms A. General terms for locations and surfaces . 1. ventral : (L. venter = belly) away from backbone or toward front of body . 2. dorsal : (L. dorsum = back) toward backbone, away from front of body . 3. anterior : toward the front, or away from back. Usually used with reference to free extremities or the head, but may be used interchangeably with ventral. . 4. posterior : toward the back, or away from front. Can be used interchangeably with dorsal. . 5. In hands and forearms, palmar used for ventral, while dorsal retained. In feet, sole of foot called plantar , while dorsal is top of foot. . 6. superficial : toward the surface . 7. deep : away from surface . 8. superior : upper . 9. inferior : lower . 10. cranial : toward head--rostral and cephalad used too . 11. caudal : toward tail, away from head . 12. external : toward the outer surface--used most often to describe body cavities or body wall, but sometimes used 13. internal : toward the inner surface, interchangeable with deep 14. medial : toward the axis or midline 15. lateral : away from axis or midline 16. proximal (L. proximus = next): toward the body or toward the root of a free extremity 17. distal (distant): away from body or root of free extremity 18. central : pertaining to or situated at center 19. peripheral (L. peri = around): toward the outward surface or part....
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- Spring '08