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Chapter 5 notes - Emotional Development DO BABIES HAVE...

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8/27/2009 1 D O B A B IE S H A V E F E E L IN GS? Emotional Development Emotions in infants What *is* emotion? Mental state? Feeling Physiological state? Arousal Physical expression Both components present Causal connection between them? Direction? Facial Feedback Hypothesis Emotion in Infants Infants have emotional expressions Infants have physiological arousal Newborns: Distress: crying Causes: hunger, pain, looming, loud noise Crying resultant from negative feelings caused by stimuli? Crying as an automatic reaction to stimuli but no negative affect? Later in life, infer negative emotion
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8/27/2009 2 Emotion in infants First 2 weeks: Smiling Cause? Smile while sleeping Dreaming? Random facial movement? Smile after feeding Gas? Emotion in infants Social aspects of emotional expression Infants respond to facial expressions of adults Mothers look sad infants look away Social referencing Infants imitate emotional response of others Parent is happy baby is happy Parent gets anxious baby gets anxious Expression 2 months: social smiling Smiling stimulated by seeing a face 4 months: laughter 4-6 months: anger & frustration Crying in response to specific events Toy taken away Goal-direct act frustrated 6 months: fear “Stranger Wariness” Increases until about 15 months 8-9 months: Separation Anxiety Increases until about 15 months, then subsides
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8/27/2009 3 Expression 18-24 months: complex emotions Guilt Embarrassment Pride Complex emotions require more than “feeling” cognitive component Sense of self (self-awareness) 15-18 months Attachment Attachment Enduring emotional attachment to an adult
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