chapter 6 - Cognitive Development Middle Childhood Piaget...

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8/23/2010 1 Cognitive Development Middle Childhood Piaget Stages of cognitive development Sensorimotor stage Exploring environment, figuring things out Pre‐operational stage Early symbolic reasoning Limited conceptual understanding Non‐logical thinking Ages 2‐7 Operational stage School years Formal operational stage Teen years Piaget Concrete Operational Stage Preschoolers in Pre‐Operational stage Judgment errors in conservation tasks Appearance as reality School years (5‐7 shift) Concrete Operational stage Understand conservation, other properties of physical objects 7‐11 years: logical reasoning
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8/23/2010 2 Logic skills in Concrete Op Identity: objects have an intrinsic identity Identity does not change based on superficial appearance changes No more Appearance as Reality No more conservation problems The taller container doesn’t necessarily hold more Logic skills in Concrete Op Reversibility: Certain changes are reversible an object can return to its previous state Can prove conservation by returning liquid to its original container Math skills (subtraction undoes addition) Logic skills in Concrete Op Inductive Reasoning Generalizing from particulars “The sun has risen in the east everyday for my whole life” Therefore, “the sun will rise in the east tomorrow” Deductive reasoning not fully developed until next stage: Formal Operational Thought Stay tuned…
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8/23/2010 3 Skilled processes Automatic vs. Controlled Processes Automatic processes are Fast Mandatory Non‐modifiable Controlled processes are Slow Controllable/Voluntary Modifiable Skilled Processes Practice = controlled process automatic process Automatization Cognitive processes that once took a lot of concentration are now easy, routine
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course DEP 2004 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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chapter 6 - Cognitive Development Middle Childhood Piaget...

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