chapter 7 - Social Development Middle childhood Self...

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9/15/2009 1 Social Development Middle childhood Self concept Awareness of difference between self and others Take others point of view in late pre‐operational stage Understanding needs of others Self‐concept = attitudes, abilities, values etc. that define one’s self 3‐5 year olds: Express self wrt feelings, attitudes E.x. “I like playing with this toy” 6‐10 year olds: Social comparisons; Specific traits E.x. “I am an honest person” Self‐esteem Emotional component of the self‐concept How you feel about who you are. Pride in doing things for themselves 3‐ 5 years: the “Look Mom” phenomenon Development of competencies 6‐7 years: 4 domains of self‐esteem Academic competence Social competence Physical/athletic competence Physical appearance
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9/15/2009 2 Erikson Stage: Pride/Initiative vs. Guilt Pride in doing things for themselves vs. Guilt in being unable to do other things for themselves, or for having done wrong Crisis: expand range of competencies Taking care of self Helping others Competency Mastery‐oriented attributions Believe success is due to ability Internal attribution for success External attribution for failure Effort improves ability Focus on learning Learned helplessness External attribution for success Internal attribution for failure Focus on performance and evaluation Attribution Re‐training Parental authority Baumrind (1971) longitudinal study on parenting styles
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This note was uploaded on 05/16/2011 for the course DEP 2004 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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chapter 7 - Social Development Middle childhood Self...

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