Case Study 2 - Case Study # 2 Chapters 18-19

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Case Study # 2 Chapters 18-19 1. During a physical exam a child complained of frequent “breathlessness”. An  angiocardiogram was performed and it was found that he had a patent ductus arteriosus.  Discuss the location and function of the ductus arterious in the fetus and relate it to the  reason for the boy’s breathlessness. The ductus arterious is a port that connects the aorta and the pulmonary trunk of the  fetus.  This “port” circulates the blood through the fetus’ body while bypassing the  lungs, after birth this area should close off.  The breathlessness that is being  experienced is caused by the mixing of the oxygenated and un-oxygenated bloods,  indicating that the “port” did not close properly after birth. 2. Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease of blood vessels that is responsible for  millions of deaths each year. Describe the disease process, noting the involvement of  specific cell/tissue types and molecules. This disorder specifically affects the medium and large arteries. It occurs when 
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This note was uploaded on 05/17/2011 for the course BIO 216 taught by Professor Amirafshar during the Spring '11 term at Mountain State.

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Case Study 2 - Case Study # 2 Chapters 18-19

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