Chapter 14 pg

Chapter 14 pg - Chapter14pg.308329...

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Chapter 14 pg. 308-329 Characteristics of Eukaryotic Genome Larger genomes More regulatory sequences Much of it is non-coding Multiple Chromosomes Transcription/Translation are physically separated Plants/Animals good for studying Eukaryote genome: Yeast, Nematode, Fruit Fly, Thale Cress plant (Arabidopsis thaliana) Euk. Genome contains many repetitive sequences High repetitive sequences times   not transcribed into mRNA o Minisatellites:  10-40 bp long; repeated several thousand  o Microsatellites:  very short sequences, 1-3 bp; small clusters of 15-1000 copies Moderately Repetitive Sequences   are transcribed into mRNA o Code for tRNA and rRNA used for proteins synthesis o Allow for these to be created at ample rate Transposons:  transposable elements   move from place to place o Make up to 40% of human genome o Copy/past mechanism   original genome stays put
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This note was uploaded on 05/17/2011 for the course MCDB 101 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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Chapter 14 pg - Chapter14pg.308329...

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