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2 Virginia and Maryland - Virginia and Maryland Virginia...

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Unformatted text preview: Virginia and Maryland Virginia and Maryland The Chesapeake Colonies Corporate or Charter Types of Colonies Types of Colonies Royal or Crown Stockholders governed Established to make money and limit liability Sovereign rules through a governor “Salutary neglect” One or a group of owners Sovereign over the land, but under the king Proprietary Early Colonial Failures Early Colonial Failures Roanoke Island First try at “Virginia” Established 1584 Kennebec Island No aid until 1590 because of the Spanish Armada In 1590, no one left Raleigh sends expeditions until 1602 looking for them Maine, 1606­1608 By Sir Walter Raleigh In today’s North Carolina First child born in British North America—Virginia Dare Jamestown Jamestown By London Company John Smith, 1608­9 Starving time, 1609­10 Colony “abandoned” in 1610, but saw supply ships and returned April, 1607 144 men embarked Only 105 survived trip Less than forty survived first winter Thomas Lord de la Warr Thomas Lord de la Warr Takes control in 1610 Initiates “Laws Divine Moral and Martial” (Dale Codes) Colonists unhappy, feeling like prisoners Strict curfews Harsh work No freedoms No starvation For Virginia to Succeed For Virginia to Succeed Profitable Product Land Ownership Liberty Edwin Sandys Tobacco, John Rolfe Headright system Hundred system Indentured servants House of Burghesses First women, 1620 Five­year Plan Tragedy in Virginia Tragedy in Virginia Slavery Opechancanough De la Warr, 1619 20 Africans In 1700, 200 slaves in Virginia 1622 attack All settlements 350 out of 1400 settlers killed Discord in Virginia Discord in Virginia De la Warr stirs up trouble High indebtedness of company High mortality rate Lack of 3 B’s Becomes a royal colony in 1624 Opechancanough Bread Beef Beer Maryland Maryland Proprietors: Calverts 1632 Terra Maria granted Proprietary rights Owned all the land From south Bank of Potomac River to 40th Parallel Sovereign over the land Rule with consent of the governed Sets the religion of the colony Quitrents for settlers—2 pennies Catholic Early Settlement Early Settlement St. Mary’s first November, 1633 200 settlers High on a bluff 128 Protestants No trouble with Native Americans Did not emphasize tobacco alone No disease problems “modern science” Toleration Act of 1649 Grew food crops, no starving time ...
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