Student_eWorkbook.pdf - Workbook for Writing and Reporting News A Coaching Method Sixth Edition Carole Rich http\/academic.cengage.com\/masscomm\/rich\/

Student_eWorkbook.pdf - Workbook for Writing and Reporting...

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Unformatted text preview: Workbook for Writing and Reporting News: A Coaching Method Sixth Edition Carole Rich Table of Contents Chapter 1 – Changing Concepts of News .......................................... 1 Exercises 1-1. Qualities of news ....................................................................................1 1-2. Analyze online versions of print and broadcast news ............................2 1-3. Hard-news and feature stories ................................................................2 1-4. Weblogs ..................................................................................................2 Chapter 2 – Blogs.................................................................................. 3 Exercises 2-1. Citizen Journalism – pros and cons ........................................................3 2-2. Blogs for reporting..................................................................................3 2-3. Social networking survey .......................................................................3 Chapter 3 – The Basic News Story...................................................... 4 Exercises 3-1. Crime story .............................................................................................4 3-2. Find the focus .........................................................................................4 3-3. Fire..........................................................................................................5 3-4. Program advance ....................................................................................6 3-5. Burglary ..................................................................................................7 3-6. Quotes.....................................................................................................7 Chapter 4 – Convergent Media Writing ............................................ 9 Exercises 4-1. Multimedia site critique..........................................................................9 4-2. Convergent media site critique ...............................................................9 4-3. News story for print, broadcast and Web convergent media..................9 Chapter 5 – Curiosity and Story Ideas ............................................... 11 Exercises 5-1. Coaching.................................................................................................11 5-2. Three ideas in 15 minutes.......................................................................11 5-3. A-Z brainstorming ..................................................................................11 5-4. Localize national news ...........................................................................11 5-5. Special sections.......................................................................................12 5-6. Classified advertisements .......................................................................12 5-7. Plan an online newspaper .......................................................................12 5-8. Curiosity training....................................................................................13 5-9. Descriptive writing from observation.....................................................13 5-10. Analogies ..............................................................................................13 ii Chapter 6 – Sources and Online Research......................................... 14 Exercises 6-1. Scavenger Hunt #1..................................................................................14 6-2. Scavenger Hunt #2..................................................................................16 Chapter 7 – Interviewing Techniques................................................. 19 Exercises 7-1. Classmate interview – note taking..........................................................19 7-2. Dissect a newspaper story.......................................................................19 7-3. Police story .............................................................................................19 7-4. Holocaust speaker...................................................................................20 Chapter 8 – Leads and Nut Graphs .................................................... 21 Exercises 8-1. Hard-news (summary) leads...................................................................21 8-2. Delayed identification leads ...................................................................23 8-3. Updated leads .........................................................................................24 8-4. Impact leads............................................................................................24 8-5. Broadcast leads .......................................................................................25 8-6. Attribution in leads .................................................................................26 8-7. Soft leads ................................................................................................26 Chapter 9 – Story Organization .......................................................... 29 Exercises 9-1. Pacing and parallelism............................................................................29 9-2. Endings ...................................................................................................29 9-3. Revision to tighten and correct style ......................................................31 Chapter 10 – Story Forms.................................................................... 32 Exercises 10-1. Inverted pyramid...................................................................................32 10-2. Wall Street Journal formula..................................................................33 10-3. Hourglass exercise................................................................................34 10-4. List technique .......................................................................................35 Chapter 11 – Storytelling and Feature Techniques .......................... 37 Exercises 11-1. Feature Pulitzer Prize analysis..............................................................37 11-2. Storytelling for a crime story................................................................37 11-3. Storytelling news feature ......................................................................38 iii Chapter 12 – Broadcast Writing ........................................................ 42 Exercises 12-1. Simplify words .....................................................................................42 12-2. Rewrite sentences in active voice.........................................................42 12-3. Church embezzler .................................................................................43 12-4. Lumber fire ...........................................................................................43 12-5. Acid arrests ...........................................................................................44 12-6. Brief news.............................................................................................45 Chapter 13 – Web Journalism............................................................. 47 Exercises 13-1. Multimedia package .............................................................................47 13-2. Headlines and blurbs ............................................................................47 13-3. Web news story ....................................................................................48 Chapter 14 – Public Relations Writing............................................... 50 Exercises 14-1. Rewrite a news release .........................................................................50 14-2. Qualities of news releases.....................................................................50 14-3. Gather information and write news releases.........................................51 14-4. News release .........................................................................................51 14-5. Web news release .................................................................................52 14-6. Product promotion – print and Web .....................................................53 14-7. Design a media kit ................................................................................54 Chapter 15 – Media Law...................................................................... 55 Exercises 15-1. Libel quiz #1.........................................................................................55 15-2. Libel quiz #2.........................................................................................57 15-3. Online legal issues ................................................................................58 15-4. Legal scenarios .....................................................................................59 Chapter 16 – Media Ethics................................................................... 61 Exercises 16-1. The Bad Joke ........................................................................................61 16-2. The Telephone Number .......................................................................61 16-3. Son of Superintendent ..........................................................................61 16-4. A Hero’s Private Life ...........................................................................62 16-5. Anonymous sources..............................................................................62 16-6. Cooperating with police........................................................................62 16-7. Personal dilemma .................................................................................62 16-8. Code of ethics .......................................................................................62 iv 16-9. Online ethical issues .............................................................................63 Chapter 17 – Multicultural Sensitivity ............................................... 64 Exercises 17-1. Media survey ........................................................................................64 17-2. Photo sensitivity ...................................................................................64 17-3. Gender stereotypes ...............................................................................64 Chapter 18- Profiles and Obituaries................................................... 66 Exercises 18-1. Profile checklist ....................................................................................66 18-2. Autobiographical profile.......................................................................66 18-3. Slice-of-life profile ...............................................................................67 18-4. Obituaries..............................................................................................68 18-5. Feature obituary....................................................................................70 Chapter 19- Beat Reporting................................................................. 73 Exercises 19-1. Beat story ideas.....................................................................................73 19-2. News briefs ...........................................................................................73 19-3. Analyze a beat story .............................................................................73 19-4. Online beat ideas ..................................................................................74 19-5. Analysis of online beat resources .........................................................74 Chapter 20- Speeches, News conferences and Meetings ................... 75 Exercises 20-1. Political correctness speech story .........................................................75 20-2. Graduation speech #1 ...........................................................................78 20-3. Graduation speech #2 ...........................................................................78 20-4. Meeting advance...................................................................................81 20-5. School board meeting ...........................................................................83 Chapter 21- Government and Statistical Stories............................... 87 Exercises 21-1. Statistics – crime rates ..........................................................................87 21-2. Weather statistics..................................................................................88 21-3. City budget story ..................................................................................89 21-4. Caffeine consumption...........................................................................92 Chapter 22- Crime and Punishment................................................... 93 Exercises 22-1. Crime statistics .....................................................................................93 v 22-2. Mummy saga ........................................................................................93 22-3. Hourglass crime story...........................................................................96 22-4. Court case .............................................................................................96 Chapter 23- Disasters, Weather and Tragedy ................................... 98 Exercises 23-1. Airplane crash – Day One – Breaking news story................................98 23-2. Airplane crash – Day Two – Print Story ..............................................102 23-3. Airplane crash – Day Two – broadcast version....................................104 23-4. Explosion mainbar................................................................................104 23-5. Explosion sidebar .................................................................................107 23-6. Basic weather feature............................................................................107 Chapter 24 – Media Jobs and Internships ......................................... 109 Exercises 24-1. Internet job search ................................................................................109 22-2. Research the organization.....................................................................109 Appendices: Grammar/Usage and Style............................................. 110 Exercises Exercise 1. Active/Passive and it’s/its ...........................................................110 Exercise 2. That/Which and Who/Whom ......................................................110 Exercise 3. Action verbs vs. linking verbs.....................................................113 Exercise 4. Dangling modifiers......................................................................114 Exercise 5. Run-on sentences ........................................................................114 Exercise 6. General usage ..............................................................................115 vi Chapter 1 – Changing Concepts of News Exercises 1-1. Qualities of news Some of the main qualities of newsworthiness are timeliness, proximity (news in or near your community), unusual nature, prominence (stories about celebrities or prominent people), human interest and conflict. Some other newsworthy angles include entertainment, helpfulness (such as consumer news), trends (stories that show patterns in society). Using these qualities as your guide, identify the newsworthy elements in the following items; some items may have several qualities: a. Ninety-eight alligators were found in the bedroom of a man who lives in Omaha, Neb. News qualities: b. The campus security office has released crime statistics for the first six months of the semester. News qualities: c. Relatively inexpensive medical treatment, such an increasing supply of cheap vaccines and antibiotics, could help save more than half of the 3 million infants who die each year, a new study has found. News qualities: d. Residents in your community disagree with plans to change school boundaries, forcing nearly 500 of 7,000 children to change schools next year. Members of the public will express their viewpoints at a public hearing tonight. News qualities: e. Oprah Winfrey was named one of the richest women in America in the annual Forbes magazine ratings. Her production company generates about 40 percent of its revenue from the talk show. News qualities: 1 f. A man in your town was gardening, but he didn’t dig up weeds. He dug up his gold wedding band that he had lost 30 years ago. News qualities: g. The average age of college students is increasing. One out of four college students is over age 30. News qualities: 1-2. Analyze online versions of print and broadcast news. Write a few paragraphs to answer the following questions and discuss your answers in class. If your local paper, radio station or broadcast news outlet is online, compare the online version to the print or broadcast version as follows: 1. What qualities of the online version differ from the print one? 2. What qualities of the online version differ from the broadcast one? 3. Are there any qualities of the site that would entice you to read the news online instead of in print or broadcast? 1-3. Hard-news and feature stories Write brief paragraphs to answer the following items and discuss your answers in class. a. Using your community or campus newspaper, identify three hard-news stories and three feature stories. b. Using a Web site for a newspaper or broadcast news station, identify three hard-news stories and three feature stories. c. Compare the qualities of news in the hard-news stories and the features. How do they differ? 1-4. Weblogs Access the cyberjournalist Web site at , and analyze a blog written by a professional journalist for a news site and a “j-blog” written and published by a journalist independently. How do they differ? Discuss whether these blogs could be considered journalism or just personal diaries. 2 Chapter 2 – Blogs Exercises 2-1. Citizen journalism – pros and cons Read the article, “The 11 layers of citizen journalism,” by Steve Outing and write a blog commenting on the pros and cons of this movement. The article is posted at and is linked to the resources for this chapter. 2-2. Blogs for reporting Choose a beat that you would like to cover such as sports, politics, family issues, environment or other subject and find at least five blog sites that you would access regularly for information about your beat. Write the name of the blog site and the link. For example, you might start with Google and search blogs related to your topic. Check the resources for this chapter for links to journalism blogs and this comprehensive site: . 2-3. Social networking survey Conduct a survey of your classmates and other students in your school to determine which social networking sites they use and for what purpose. Follow these guidelines, which are based on a survey conducted for the Online Journalism Review ( ) discuss your results in class. Include the following questions: On which of these sites do you have an account? Facebook Flickr LinkedIn MySpace YouTube Other or none of these What is your main purpose in using these sites? To communicate with friends or family To be informed about topics of interest to me To meet people with like interests To find people to date Other: Please specify How much time do you spend each week on social networking sites? Less than one hour One to two hours Three to four hours Five hours or more 3 Chapter 3 – The Basic News Story Exercises 3-1. Crime story Read the following information and write a focus sentence at the top of your story. Then jot down an order for your story. Assume that you are a reporter in Tampa, Fla., and you are writing this story for the Monday morning newspaper. Location: Riverview section of Tampa. Facts...
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