Chapter 9: COMPARATIVE POLITICS: -The Arab Spring presents an excellent example of rapid transformation in parts of the world. But the process of democratic revolution has been different in each affected country. -Comparative politics or the comparative approach assesses similarities and differences among countries regarding types of governance or political leadership based on a number of criteria, including time period, system type or geographical region. oWe can study a particular case and use to develop a general theory about political behaviour oComparative analysis can also start with a general hypothesis and then examine case studies. Looking at case studies will help provide evidence for our hypothesis. oComparison helps us put our analysis in relative terms. -Comparative politics can involve any country or region. oForms of political organization, the nature of state power, types of political systems, ethnicity, culture, political economy and citizen participation are some of the themes that comparative analysts use in their work. oThe objective is to strip down assumptions that we may have about certain countries and system types and to avoid bias in our research. WHAT ARE DEVELOPED STATES?-The greatest factor relating to politics is economics. oThe story of developed world is as economic as it is political. -The rise of the welfare state was undoubtedly the single most important development inindustrialized states after the end of WW2. oGovernments began spending vast sums on improving the standards of living. oAs a result of growing trade and investment, international economic interaction among states became the norm in the international system, largely because of the development of national economies and the expansion of economic freedoms for individuals and corporations. The increased revenue from these transactions allowed governments to find the funding for the new programs. -The developed world refers to that group of nations with a high level of economic development, a high GDP per capita, an industrialized economy and advanced stages of political and social development. oDeveloped countries are sometimes referred to as the industrialized world, the North, First World or post-industrial.
North: Industrialized nations, including western Europe, North America, Japan, Australia and New Zealand, that are part of a structurally integrated system of global capitalism. Post-Industrial: Developed economies that maintain a high-technology, orhigh-value, economy. Third World: Largely Cold War categorization of less developed nations that are not part of a structurally integrated system of global capitalism. oThey are separate from the communist countries of the Second World and the developing nations of the Third World.