POG 100 Notes - Ch. 7.docx - Chapter 7 DEMOCRACY AND VOTING We can differentiate between two basic types of democracy o Direct Democracy Political

POG 100 Notes - Ch. 7.docx - Chapter 7 DEMOCRACY AND VOTING...

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Chapter 7:DEMOCRACY AND VOTING: -We can differentiate between two basic types of democracy: oDirect Democracy: Political system in which citizens are directly involved in the decision-making process.oIndirect Democracy: Political system of representation in which citizens elect a delegate to act on their behalf; also called representative democracy. -Most political systems use indirect democracy or representative democracy as it would be nearly impossible for every member of a society to be a direct part of the decision-making process all the time. oIndirect democracy uses elections to decide who will be given the authority to make decisions on behalf of the entire political grouping. -Though considered generally open and liberal today, electoral systems were once highly restrictive. oHistorical systems discriminated based on gender, age, economic status or literacy. -Independents: Electoral candidates who do not belong to a political party-Electoral systems also establish rules regarding where voting occurs, who is given authority for enumeration and ballot collection and counting, and how votes are actuallyconverted into seats. oEnumeration: The process of determining the number of individuals eligible to vote in a constituency. -Throughout history, political boundaries have been altered for political gain. oIn Britain, rotten boroughs, areas where with very small populations and electorates that were given equal standing with normal sized constituents oPocket boroughs

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