#1.pdf - Chapter 01 Globalization and the Multinational Firm Answer Key True False Questions The first two columns give the maximum daily amounts of

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 01 Globalization and the Multinational Firm Answer Key True / False Questions The first two columns give the maximum daily amounts of beer and whiskey that Southern Ireland and Northern Ireland can produce when they completely specialize in one or other product. The last two columns give each country's consumption without trade. 1. Is Northern Ireland better off when it trades with Southern Ireland? TRUE Topic: Appendix: The Theory of Comparative Advantage 2. Now suppose that Southern workers receive a raise to €2 per day. Will trade be possible at the exchange rate you found in the last question? TRUE Topic: Appendix: The Theory of Comparative Advantage 3. Now suppose that Southern workers are paid €1 per day but the Northern workers receive a raise to £2 per day. Will trade be possible at the exchange rate you found in the question before the last question? FALSE Topic: Appendix: The Theory of Comparative Advantage Multiple Choice Questions 4. What major dimension sets apart international finance from domestic finance? A. Foreign exchange and political risks B. Market imperfections C. Expanded opportunity set D. All of the above Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 5. An example of a political risk is A. expropriation of assets. B. adverse change in tax rules. C. the opposition party being elected. D. both answers a) and b) are correct. Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 6. Production of goods and services has become globalized to a large extent as a result of A. natural resources being depleted in one country after another. B. skilled labor being highly mobile. C. multinational corporations' efforts to source inputs and locate production anywhere where costs are lower and profits higher. D. common tastes worldwide for the same goods and services. Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 7. Recently, financial markets have become highly integrated. This development A. allows investors to diversify their portfolios internationally. B. allows minority investors to buy and sell stocks. C. has increased the cost of capital for firms. D. answers a) and c) are both correct. Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 8. Japan has experienced large trade surpluses. Japanese investors have responded to this by A. liquidating their positions in stocks to buy dollar denominated bonds. B. investing heavily in U.S. and other foreign financial markets. C. lobbying the U.S. government to depreciate its currency. D. lobbying the Japanese government to allow the yen to appreciate. Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 9. Suppose your firm invests $100,000 in a project in Italy. At the time the exchange rate is $1.25 = €1.00. One year later the exchange rate is the same, but the Italian government has expropriated your firm's assets paying only €80,000 in compensation. This is an example of A. exchange rate risk. B. political risk. C. market imperfections. D. none of the above, since $100,000 = €80,000 ⋅ $1.25/€1.00 Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 10. Suppose you start with $100 and buy stock for £50 when the exchange rate is £1 = $2. One year later, the stock rises to £60. You are happy with your 20 percent return on the stock, but when you sell the stock and exchange your £60 for dollars, you only get $45 since the pound has fallen to £1 = $0.75. This loss of value is an example of A. exchange rate risk. B. political risk. C. market imperfections. D. weakness in the dollar. Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 11. Suppose that Great Britain is a major export market for your firm, a U.S.-based MNC. If the British pound depreciates against the U.S. dollar, A. your firm will be able to charge more in dollar terms while keeping pound prices stable. B. your firm may be priced out of the U.K. market, to the extent that your dollar costs stay constant and your pound prices will rise. C. to protect U.K. market share, your firm may have to cut the dollar price of your goods to keep the pound price the same. D. both b) and c) are correct Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 12. Suppose Mexico is a major export market for your U.S.-based company and the Mexican peso appreciates drastically against the U.S. dollar. This means A. your company's products can be priced out of the Mexican market, as the peso price of American imports will rise following the peso's fall. B. your firm will be able to charge more in dollar terms while keeping peso prices stable. C. your domestic competitors will enjoy a period of facing lessened price competition from Mexican imports. D. both b) and c) are correct Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 13. Suppose Mexico is a major export market for your U.S.-based company and the Mexican peso depreciates drastically against the U.S. dollar, as it did in December 1994. This means A. your company's products can be priced out of the Mexican market, as the peso price of American imports will rise following the peso's fall. B. your firm will be able to charge more in dollar terms while keeping peso prices stable. C. your domestic competitors will enjoy a period of facing little price competition from Mexican imports. D. both b) and c) are correct Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 14. Suppose that you are a U.S. producer of a commodity good competing with foreign producers. Your inputs of production are priced in dollars and you sell your output in dollars. If the U.S. currency depreciates against the currencies of our trading partners, A. your competitive position is likely improved. B. your competitive position is likely worsened. C. your competitive position is unchanged. Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 15. Undoubtedly, we are now living in a world where all the major economic functions—consumption, production, and investment A. are still inherently local. B. are still regional in nature. C. are slowly becoming globalized. D. are highly globalized. Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 16. Most governments at least try to make it difficult for people to cross their borders illegally. This barrier to the free movement of labor is an example of A. information asymmetry. B. excessive transactions costs. C. racial discrimination. D. a market imperfection. Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 17. Although the world economy is much more integrated today than was the case 10 or 20 years ago, a variety of barriers still hamper free movements of people, goods, services, and capital across national boundaries. These barriers include A. legal restrictions. B. excessive transportation costs. C. information asymmetry. D. all of the above Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 18. The Japanese automobile company Honda decided to establish production facilities in Ohio, mainly to A. circumvent trade barriers. B. reduce transportation costs. C. reduce transactions costs. D. both a) and b) Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 19. When individual investors become aware of overseas investment opportunities and are willing to diversify their portfolios internationally, A. they trade one market imperfection, information asymmetry, for another, exchange rate risk. B. they benefit from an expanded opportunity set. C. they should not bother to read or to understand the prospectus, since it's probably written in a foreign language. D. they should invest only in dollars or euros. Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 20. The Nestlé Corporation, a well-known Swiss MNC, used to issue two different classes of common stock, bearer shares and registered shares, and foreigners were allowed to hold only A. registered shares. B. bearer shares. C. voting shares. D. convertible shares. Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 21. Deregulated financial markets and heightened competition in financial services provided an environment for financial innovations that resulted in the introduction of various instruments. Examples of these innovative instruments include A. currency futures and options, foreign stock index futures and options. B. multicurrency bonds. C. international mutual funds, country funds, exchange traded funds. D. all of the above Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 22. Nestlé, a well-known Swiss corporation, A. has been a paragon of virtue in its opposition to all forms of political risk. B. at one time placed restrictions on foreign ownership of its stock. When it relaxed these restrictions, the total market value of the firm fell. C. at one time placed restrictions on foreign ownership of its stock. When it relaxed these restrictions, there was a major transfer of wealth from foreign shareholders to Swiss shareholders. D. none of the above Topic: What's Special about "International" Finance? 23. The goal of shareholder wealth maximization A. is not appropriate for non-U.S. business firms. B. means that all business decisions and investments that a firm makes are done for the purpose of making the owners of the firm better off financially. C. is a sub-objective the firm should attempt to achieve after the objective of customer satisfaction is met. D. is in conflict with the privatization process taking place in third-world countries. Topic: Goals for International Financial Management 24. As capital markets are becoming more integrated, the goal of shareholder wealth maximization A. has been altered to include other goals as well. B. has lost out to other goals, even in the U.S. C. has been given increasing importance by managers in Europe. D. has been shown to be a deterrent to raising funds abroad. Topic: Goals for International Financial Management 25. Recent corporate scandals at firms such as Enron, WorldCom and the Italian firm Parmalat A. show that managers might be tempted to pursue their own private interests at the expense of shareholders. B. show that Italian shareholders are better at monitoring managerial behavior than U.S. shareholders. C. show that white-collar criminals hardly ever get punished. D. show that socialism is a better way to go than capitalism. Topic: Goals for International Financial Management 26. While the corporate governance problem is not confined to the United States, A. it can be a much more serious problem in many other parts of the world, where legal protection of shareholders is weak or nonexistent. B. it has reached its high point in the United States. C. the U.S. legal system, with lawsuits used only as a last resort, ensured that any conflicts of interest will soon be a thing of the past. D. none of the above Topic: Goals for International Financial Management 27. The owners of a business are the A. taxpayers. B. workers. C. suppliers. D. shareholders. Topic: Goals for International Financial Management 28. The massive privatization that is currently taking place in formerly socialist countries, will likely A. eventually enhance the standard of living to these countries' citizens. B. depend on private investment. C. increase the opportunity set facing these countries' citizens. D. all of the above Topic: Goals for International Financial Management 29. A firm with concentrated ownership A. may give rise to conflicts of interest between dominant shareholders and small outside shareholders. B. may enjoy more accounting transparency than firms with diffuse ownership structures. C. is a partnership, never a corporation. D. tends to exist overseas but not in the U.S. Topic: Goals for International Financial Management 30. The ultimate guardians of shareholder interest in a corporation, are the A. rank and file workers. B. senior management. C. boards of directors. D. all of the above. Topic: Goals for International Financial Management 31. In countries like France and Germany, A. managers have often made business decisions with regard to maximizing market share to the exclusion of other goals. B. managers have often viewed shareholders as one of the "stakeholders" of the firm, others being employees, customers, suppliers, banks and so forth. C. managers have often regarded the prosperity and growth of their combines, or families of related firms, as their critical goal. D. managers have traditionally embraced the maximization of shareholder wealth as the only worthy goal. Topic: Goals for International Financial Management 32. When corporate governance breaks down A. shareholders are unlikely to receive fair returns on their investments. B. managers may be tempted to enrich themselves at shareholder expense. C. the board of directors is not doing its job. D. all of the above Topic: Goals for International Financial Management 33. Privatization refers to the process of A. having government operate businesses for the betterment of the public sector. B. government allowing the operation of privately owned business. C. prohibiting government operated enterprises. D. a country divesting itself of the ownership and operation of a business venture by turning it over to the free market system. Topic: Globalization of the World Economy 34. Deregulation of world financial markets A. provided a natural environment for financial innovations, like currency futures and options. B. has promoted competition among market participants. C. has encouraged developing countries such as Chile, Mexico, and Korea to liberalize by allowing foreigners to directly invest in their financial markets. D. all of the above Topic: Globalization of the World Economy 35. The emergence of global financial markets is due in no small part to A. advances in computer and telecommunications technology. B. enforcement of the Soviet system of state ownership of resources of production. C. government regulation and protection of infant industries. D. none of the above Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 36. The common monetary policy for the euro zone is now formulated by A. the Bundesbank in Germany. B. the Federal Reserve Bank. C. the World Bank. D. the European Central Bank. Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 37. Since the end of World War I, the dominant global currency has been the A. British pound. B. Japanese yen. C. Euro. D. U.S. dollar. Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 38. Since the end of World War I, the U.S. dollar has played the role of the dominant global currency, displacing the A. German mark. B. French Franc. C. Japanese Yen. D. British pound. Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 39. The ascendance of the dollar the dominant global currency reflects several key factors such as A. the size of the U.S. population. B. the mature and open capital markets of the U.S. economy. C. exchange rate stability. D. all of the above. Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 40. The euro A. is the common currency of Europe. B. is divisible into 100 cents, just like the U.S. dollar. C. may eventually have a transaction domain larger than the U.S. dollar. D. all of the above. Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 41. Since its inception the euro has brought about revolutionary changes in European finance. For example, A. by redenominating corporate bonds and stocks from 12 different currencies into one common currency, the euro has precipitated the emergence of continent wide capital markets in Europe that are comparable to U.S. markets in depth and liquidity. B. Swiss bank accounts are all denominated in euro. C. the European banking sector has become much more important as a source of financing for European firms. D. there have actually not been any revolutionary changes. Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 42. In David Ricardo's theory of comparative advantage, A. international trade is a zero-sum game in which one trading partner's gain comes at the expense of another's loss. B. liberalization of international trade will enhance the welfare of the world's citizens. C. is a short-run argument, not a long-run argument. D. has been superseded by the now-orthodox view of mercantilism. Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 43. Under the theory of comparative advantage, liberalization of international trade will A. enhance the welfare of the world's citizens. B. create unemployment and displacement of workers permanently. C. result in higher prices in the long run as monopolists are able to charge higher prices after eliminating their competitors. D. all of the above Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 44. Privatization is often seen as a cure for bureaucratic inefficiency and waste; some economists estimate that privatization improves efficiency and reduces operating costs by as much as A. 5 percent. B. 10 percent. C. 15 percent. D. 20 percent. Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 45. The World Trade Organization, WTO, A. has the power to enforce the rules of international trade. B. covers agriculture and physical goods, but not services or intellectual property rights. C. recently expelled China for human rights violations. D. ruled that NAFTA is to be the model for world trade integration. Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 46. Privatization A. has spurred a tremendous increase in cross-border investment. B. has allowed many governments to have the funds to nationalize important industries. C. has guaranteed that new ownership will be limited to the local citizens. D. has generally decreased the efficiency of the enterprise. Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 47. The theory of comparative advantage A. claims that economic well-being is enhanced if each country's citizens produce only a single product. B. claims that economic well-being is enhanced when all countries compare commodity prices after adjusting for exchange rate differences in order to standardize the prices charged all countries. C. claims that economic well-being is enhanced if each country's citizens produce that which they have a comparative advantage in producing relative to the citizens of other countries, and then trade production. D. claims that no country has an absolute advantage over another country in the production of any good or service. Topic: Emergence of the Euro as a Global Currency 48. A multinational firm can be defined as a firm that A. invests short-term cash inflows in more than one currency. B. has sales affiliates in several countries. C. is incorporated in more than one country. D. incorporated in one country that has production and sales operations in several other countries. Topic: Multinational Corporations 49. An MNC may gain from its global presence by A. spreading R&D expenditures and advertising costs over their global sales. B. pooling global purchasing power over suppliers. C. utilizing their technological and managerial know-how globally with minimum additional costs. D. all of the above are potential gains Topic: Multinational Corporations 50. MNCs can use their global presence to A. take advantage of underpriced labor services available in certain developing countries. B. gain access to special R&D capabilities residing in advanced foreign counties. C. boost profit margins and create shareholder value. D. all of the above Topic: Multinational Corporations 51. Foreign-owned manufacturing companies in the world's most highly developed countries A. generally are more productive and pay their workers more than do comparable locally-owned businesses. B. generally are less productive and therefore pay their workers less than do comparable locally-owned businesses. C. tend to specialize in different articles of manufacture than they produce in their home countries. D. usually do not build their own production facilities but simply buy existing domestic manufacturing firms. Topic: Multinational Corporations 52. A purely domestic firm sources its products, sells its products, and raises its funds domestica...
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