Chinese Cultural Studies Buddha First Sermon - The Middle Path (c_ 6th Century BCE)

Chinese Cultural Studies Buddha First Sermon - The Middle Path (c_ 6th Century BCE)

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Sheet1 Page 1 Chinese Cultural Studies: Buddha: First Sermon - The Middle Path (c. 6th Century BCE)Main | Other Chinese Web Sites Chinese Cultural Studies: Buddha: First Sermon - The Middle Path (c. 6th Century BCE) from T.W. Rhys Davids and Herman Oldenberg, trans, Vinyaya Texts, in F. Max Mueller, ed., The Sacred Books of the East, 50 vols., (Oxford: Clarendon, 1879-1910), Vol 13. pp. 94-97, 100-102 repr. in Alfred J. Andrea and James H. Overfield, The Human Record: Sources of Global History, Vol 1, 2d. ed., (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1994), pp. 72-74 [Andrea Introduction] Many parallels exist between the legendary lives of the Mahavira (the founder of the Indian philsophy of Jainism) and the Buddha, and several of their teachings are strikingly similar. Each rejected the special sanctity of (the Old Indian) Vedic literature, and each denied the meaningfulness of caste distinctions and duties. Yet a close investigation of their doctrines reveal substantial differences. Like the Mahavira, young Prince Siddhartha Gautama, shrinking in horror at the many manifestations of misery in this world, fled his comfortable life and eventually became an ascetic. Where, however, the Mahavira found victory over karma in severe self-denial and total nonviolence, Prince Gautama found only severe disquiet. The ascetic life offered him no enlightenment as to how one might escape the sorrows of mortal existence. After abandoning extreme asceticism in favor of the Middle Path of self-restraint, Gautama achieved Enlightenment in a flash while meditating under a sacred pipal tree. He was
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Chinese Cultural Studies Buddha First Sermon - The Middle Path (c_ 6th Century BCE)

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