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HISTORY EXAM 1 STUDYGUIDE[1] - Alaina Perez History 101...

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Alaina Perez: History 101, Exam 1 Studyguide 1 Agricultural Revolution Agricultural Revolution -one of the most important changes in human history. Transformed the way people earned a living and led to increased populations, greater productivity, and radically changed lifestyles. 8,000 BCE Hunters and Gatherers- from 2.5 mil years ago to 9,000 years ago. The earliest human lifestyle consisting of women gathering berries and roots and men hunting. Women contributed heavily, making decisions. These hunters and gatherers were nomadic and migratory, following the seasons, agricultural cycles, and migrating animals. They traveled in bands of about 30 people. Urban Revolution- 3000 BCE/ consisted of permanent settlements and cities. CE- common era- AD=anno domini/ the year of our lord BCE- before common era-BC/before Christ Civis- latin word meaning citizen Civilis- latin word meaning civilized behavior; behavior of cities Civitas- latin word meaning city Civilization- the stage of human social development and organization that is considered most advanced; the society, culture, and way of life of a particular area Culture- the way humans represent themselves; it is learned Anthropology- the study of human behavior and culture Chauvet Cave- a cave in Southern France that has many ancient paintings Aesthetics- something beautiful and worth preserving; the good, the true, and the beautiful Revolution- a forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system Neolithic Revolution- neo- new lithic- stone /the same as agricultural revolution Patriarchy- a system of male rule; historical, not natural- has been developed over time. Specialization of Labor- responsibilities/jobs-important in structuring class; irrigation, army, police, government, trade Gender- the roles changed; how a sex is taught to behave Myth- a widely held but false belief or idea NOTES : Human Societies 1) Hunters & Gatherers 2) Agricultural Settlements 3) Urban Societies (cities) Hunters and gatherers earliest human lifestyle; men were hunters, women were gatherers
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Alaina Perez: History 101, Exam 1 Studyguide 2 nomadic, migratory; they moved around followed seasons, agricultural cycles and migrating animals didn't own too much; very few children traveled in bands of about 30 people method of social organization no written language women contributed heavily to decision making and survival: gathered berries and roots Agricultural Revolution Urban Revolution- 3000 BCE civis - latin meaning citizen civitas - latin meaning city civilis - latin meaning civilized behavior Anthropologists - study human behavior and culture Culture - the way that humans represent themselves; a learned behavior Archaeologists - study human artifacts, products, and materials; pottery, buildings, architecture Human lives were constantly threatened by weather, climate, food shortages, and animals Aesthetics - preserving something beautiful The switch from hunters and gatherers to Agricultural settlements has an unknown cause: population growth? Ice age killed hunted animals?
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