History Test 2 Studyguide - The Emergence of Christianity...

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The Emergence of Christianity -Civil wars end in 31 BCE -Octavian -prevails in civil wars; named “the son of god” -creates the Pax Romana -he was the caesar; was named a god -”Commercialized Agrerian Empire” -agrerian - peasant farming, subsistence farming -Jesus - savior of man, born to a mortal virgin; baptized, miracle worker, crucified -Same biographical sketch: Horus, Osiris, Hermes, Hercules. .. -Mystery Religions -Mithra - emerges and very strong in the Roman empire -Apollonius of Tyana - -Dionysos - Greek symbol of man on cross -Pope Leo the Great - 5 th century; told Christians to stop worshiping the sun -Nazareth -peasant village, 2,000+ people; Jesus was a Jew -Jesus, dying in 33 CE, leaves no written account about himself 4 BCE-6 BCE ---------------------------- Jesus' birth 27 CE – 33 CE -------------------------- Jesus' death 50 CE--------------------------------------- Paul 65 CE – 70 CE ---------------------------Mark's gospel 80 CE – 85 CE----------------------------Matthew's gospel 80 CE – 85 CE ---------------------------Luke and Acts 90 CE – 95 CE ---------------------------John's gospel; Jesus is in charge; godlike Historical Jesus -Augustus and the Imperial Cult -Octavian; caesar is god, Augustus/Octavian is son of god -Apocalyptic -the end of evil kingdom and emergence of kingdom of god; “end of time” -Around 50 CE, many forms of Christianity emerged, they varied: Catholic, Baptist, Methodist, Mormon, Episcopalian -Gnostics - Greek word “nosis”; knowledge, insight, self-knowledge, human nature -Nag Hammadi library - found buried in a jar in December 1945; written in ancient Egyptian language -We normally have 2 gods; Jesus and the God of the Old Testament -Catholic - hierarchy; Pope, cardinal, bishop, priest, deacon, people -Gnostics - no hierarchy; everyone participates, they like change -In Christian religions, women are treated very different in the church; the
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person in charge had to have the ability to “penetrate” -In Gnostic religions, women and men were equal; same status and power -Jesus , the Jewish peasant, turned into Christ, the Imperial King -Council of Nicea - 325 CE; Christianity against Christianity; situation in the Roman empire; Constantine and the Council of Nicea; One god, one emperor, one church -Constantine considers Christianity as a solution to the problem of the empire breaking apart -The Council basically attacks the Gnostics -391 CE - all the temples closed, books burned, Gnostics declared illegal; the Roman empire was collapsing Pax Romana - Augustus/Octavian - Caesar's adopted son; established Pax Romana - Princeps - - Pax Romana - internal peace in the empire; ended wars and social unrest; ends in 193 CE - Battle of Actium - Octavian won, end of civil war in 31 BCE - Essene - - Zealot - - Pharisee - - Saducee - - Aelia Capitolina
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History Test 2 Studyguide - The Emergence of Christianity...

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