{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

History Test 2 Studyguide - The Emergence of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Emergence of Christianity -Civil wars end in 31 BCE -Octavian -prevails in civil wars; named “the son of god” -creates the Pax Romana -he was the caesar; was named a god -”Commercialized Agrerian Empire” -agrerian - peasant farming, subsistence farming -Jesus - savior of man, born to a mortal virgin; baptized, miracle worker, crucified -Same biographical sketch: Horus, Osiris, Hermes, Hercules... -Mystery Religions -Mithra - emerges and very strong in the Roman empire -Apollonius of Tyana - -Dionysos - Greek symbol of man on cross -Pope Leo the Great - 5 th century; told Christians to stop worshiping the sun -Nazareth -peasant village, 2,000+ people; Jesus was a Jew -Jesus, dying in 33 CE, leaves no written account about himself 4 BCE-6 BCE ---------------------------- Jesus' birth 27 CE – 33 CE -------------------------- Jesus' death 50 CE--------------------------------------- Paul 65 CE – 70 CE ---------------------------Mark's gospel 80 CE – 85 CE----------------------------Matthew's gospel 80 CE – 85 CE ---------------------------Luke and Acts 90 CE – 95 CE ---------------------------John's gospel; Jesus is in charge; godlike Historical Jesus -Augustus and the Imperial Cult -Octavian; caesar is god, Augustus/Octavian is son of god -Apocalyptic -the end of evil kingdom and emergence of kingdom of god; “end of time” -Around 50 CE, many forms of Christianity emerged, they varied: Catholic, Baptist, Methodist, Mormon, Episcopalian -Gnostics - Greek word “nosis”; knowledge, insight, self-knowledge, human nature -Nag Hammadi library - found buried in a jar in December 1945; written in ancient Egyptian language -We normally have 2 gods; Jesus and the God of the Old Testament -Catholic - hierarchy; Pope, cardinal, bishop, priest, deacon, people -Gnostics - no hierarchy; everyone participates, they like change -In Christian religions, women are treated very different in the church; the
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
person in charge had to have the ability to “penetrate” -In Gnostic religions, women and men were equal; same status and power -Jesus , the Jewish peasant, turned into Christ, the Imperial King -Council of Nicea - 325 CE; Christianity against Christianity; situation in the Roman empire; Constantine and the Council of Nicea; One god, one emperor, one church -Constantine considers Christianity as a solution to the problem of the empire breaking apart -The Council basically attacks the Gnostics -391 CE - all the temples closed, books burned, Gnostics declared illegal; the Roman empire was collapsing Pax Romana - Augustus/Octavian - Caesar's adopted son; established Pax Romana - Princeps - - Pax Romana - internal peace in the empire; ended wars and social unrest; ends in 193 CE - Battle of Actium - Octavian won, end of civil war in 31 BCE - Essene - - Zealot - - Pharisee - - Saducee - - Aelia Capitolina - - Jesus of Nazareth - - Synoptic Gospels - - Nag Hammadi - - Gnostic - - Paul - - Acts of the Apostles - - Original Sin - The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire -
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern