ch_8_Islam.ppt - Chapter 8 The Sasanid Empire and the Rise...

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Chapter 8The Sasanid Empire and the Rise of Islam, 200-1200
Did you know...Islam is the 2nd largest religion on the planet?Islam is the fastest growing religion on the planet?Islam began as an extension of Judaism and Christianity?
Learning Goals:Understand the life of Muhammad and the development of IslamExplain the difference between Sunni and Shiite branches of IslamIdentify and analyze the rise and decline of the Umayyad and Abbasid CaliphatesDescribe Islamic civilization (Shari’a, intellectual life, role of women and slaves)
9 | The Sasanid Empire, 224–651Can you tell where this is today?IRAN
9 | The Origins of Islam
9 | The Prophet MuhammadBorn in Mecca 570 C.E.grew up an orphanengaged in trade610 C.E. while meditating, received revelations through angel Gabriel from the one true God: Allah; Paradise/Hell These “final revelations” become the Islamic religion
9 | The Formation of the UmmaIn 622 Muhammad and his followers flee Mecca and go to Medina Hijra- journeyUmma = single community of believers8 year conflict between Mecca and Medina ensuesMecca submits in 630: foundation for Islamic state
9 | Muhammad’s death 632 C.E.caliph = successorAbu Bakr (Muhammad’s father-in-law) agreed to lead the Umma2 main tasks:1. Standardize the religion (Quran)2. Consolidate an Islamic state (Caliphate)
9 | Quran

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