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Final Review - Dark Period(amhkki 1910-1919 Who/What Where...

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Dark Period ( amhŭkki , 1910-1919) Who/What: Where: When: Why: March First Movement (1919) Who/What: Demonstrations against Japanese rule by Korean nationalists that involved over one million participants nationwide, took Japanese officials by surprise, harshly repressed by Japanese Where: Throughout Korea When: March 1 st , 1919 Why: Ultimately failed to achieve independence but Japan began to reevaluate harsh treatment and enforced cultural policy, which allowed Koreans to pursue cultural activities more freely “New Woman” ( Sin yŏsŏng ) Who/What: A modern woman that rose from urbanization, industrialization, and education that represented the rapidly changing world in contrast to the more traditional woman Where: Mostly urban Korea but also rural regions When: Began in the 1920s Why: These women such as Na Hyesok appeared in publications such as articles and magazines and took jobs such as authors, essayists, dancers, and translators. It is significant because Korean women had more room to determine their lives and explore new ideas. Cultural Policy (1919-1937) Who/What: Japanese Cabinet’s new policy implemented towards Korea after the March First Movement to allow Koreans to express themselves culturally Where: Korea When: 1919-1937 Why: Positive: Greater broadcasting, newspapers, magazines, use of Korean, gather for cultural purposes, more freedom. Negative: Divide independence movement by rewarding pro-Japanese Koreans (right wing) and imprisoning anti-Japanese Koreans (left wing), make sure another March First Movement does not happen Sin’ganhoe (New Korea Society, 1927-1931) Who/What: Group established as an umbrella organization to bring leftist radical and rightist cultural nationalists together and take on the Japanese Where: Korea under Japanese rule When: 1927-1931 Why: Possible reunification of two Koreas was apparent, showed that they were not as divided Comfort Corps (Military sexual slavery) Who/What: Roundup of 60,000 to 200,000 women, ages 11-24 kidnapped or lured with promises of economic activity Where: Japan When: 1938-1945, during wartime
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Why: Wartime atrocity denied by Japan, put focus on women not nation or males, women experienced silencing, blame, shame Korean People’s Republic ( Chos ŏ n inmin konghwaguk , 1945) Who/What: Headed by Syngman Rhee, Where: Korea When: established 1945 Why: Soviet Occupation Who/What: Where: When: Why: United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK) Who/What: Where: South Korea When: 1945-1948 Why: Kim Il Sung (in power 1948-1994) Who/What: Revered leader of NK. Koreans believe that under his leadership, Korea could escape the destructive pattern of outside forces Where: North Korea When: in power 1948-1994
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