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handout terms - Morphology Terms 1. Languagethree aspects:...

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Morphology Terms 1. Language—three aspects: a. Linguistic competence—internal language; I-language; knowledge of a particular speaker about his/her language; in the mind of the speaker; relatively systematic; used for comprehension and production b. Linguistic performance—utterance in particular situation; acoustically perceptible or visible in the case of signed languages; subject to accidental and non-linguistic constraints c. External language—E-language; abstract notion; defines set of grammatical sentences; individual speakers have imperfect knowledge of it 2. Linguists—job is to describe language by formulating a grammar that is compatible with Universal Grammar 3. Universal Grammar—knowledge of language humans are born with; Chomsky proposed a system of Principles and Parameters modeling a person’s Linguistic Competence with two formal mechanisms; central idea is that a person’s syntactic knowledge can be: a. A finite set of fundamental principles that are common to all languages b. A finite set of parameters that determine syntactic variability amongst languages 4. Morphology—patterns of word formation in a particular language, including inflection, derivation, and composition; the study and description of such patterns; the study of behavior and combinations of morphemes; some say just a product of phonology and syntax and integrate it into a generative framework with syntax, semantics, and phonology 5. Syntax—the study of the rules for the formation of grammatical sentences in a language; often determines morphology 6. Phonology—the study of the distribution and patterning of speech sounds in a language and the tacit rules governing pronunciation; sensitive to morphological structure in some way; factors may put constraints on morphotactics, meaning how words can be put together 7. Morpheme—the smallest meaningful element in words; can usually be categorized as roots of affixes; the smallest different in the shape of a
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handout terms - Morphology Terms 1. Languagethree aspects:...

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