Morphological Typology

Morphological Typology - Morphological Typology (i)...

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Morphological Typology (i) Analytic/isolating languages a language where each morpheme may occur as a word in isolation Example: Mandarin Chinese Ta ba shu mai le. He OM book buy -Asp. ‘He bought the book.’ Ta chao le yi ge cai hen xiang. He cook -Asp. one -classifier dish very delicious. ‘He cooked a dish that was very delicious.’ (Asp. is short for ‘perfect aspect’. It indicates that an action is completed. OM is short for ‘object marker’, i.e., the morpheme that indicates the objects of the verb) (ii) Agglutinating/agglutinative languages a language where there tends to be a more or less one-to-one matching of morphemes with morphs Example: Turkish el ‘the hand’ elimde ‘in my hand’ elim ‘my hand’ ellerim ‘my hands’ eler ‘the hands’ ellerimde ‘in my hands’ Morpheme Morph ‘hand’ el PLURAL ler 1 st person possessive im ‘in’ de (iii) Inflecting/synthetic/fusional languages a language where individual words usually consist of several morphemes, but there is
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Morphological Typology - Morphological Typology (i)...

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