Part II notes

Part II notes - Part II Morphology and Its Relation to...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Part II Morphology and Its Relation to Phonology Chapter 5 Introduction to Lexical Morphology 5.1 The Lexical Phonology and Morphology Model The Lexical Phonology and Morphology Model is applied to issues in English derivational and inflectional morphology It is the word, rather than the morpheme, that is regarded as the key unit of morphological analysis There is a symbiotic relationship between the rules that build the morphological structure of a word and the phonological rules responsible for the way a word is pronounced Rules are found in the lexicon and organized in hierarchical strata 5.2 Lexical Strata The morphological component of grammar is organized in a series of hierarchical strata English affixes: o Neutral: no phonological effect on the based to which they are attached -ness, -less o Non-neutral: affect in some way the consonant or vowel segments, or the location of stress in the base to which they are attached -ic, -ee o Difference in behavior dealt with in terms of the strength of boundaries Strong boundary (#boundary) between the base and a neutral suffix Weak boundary (+boundary) between the base and a non- neutral suffix o Primary vs. secondary affixes Primary Secondary +boundary #boundary non-neutral neutral Latinate Germanic weak strong Secondary affixation can produce segment sequences that are disallowed within a single morpheme in lexical representations Primary affixation cannot give segment sequences that deviate from those allowed in single morphemes in the lexicon o Affixes are added at different strata in the lexicon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Each stratum has a set of morphological rules that do the word- building and are linked to a particular set of phonological rules that indicate how the structure built by the morphology is to be pronounced o Some processes apply at Stratum 1 and others at Stratum 2 5.2.1 Derivation in Lexical Morphology Normally the ordering of strata in the lexicon reflects the ordering of word- formation process Primary affixes, which are phonologically non-neutral, are attached first at Stratum 1 The process of compounding and the attachment of secondary affixes, which are phonologically neutral, happen at Stratum 2 Stratum 1 takes the root as the base to which non-neutral affixes are attached Stratum 2 takes the root plus Stratum 1 affixes as its input [root] [Stratum 1 affix [root] Stratum 1 affix] [Stratum 2 affix [Stratum 1 affix [root] Stratum 1 affix] Stratum 2 affix] Stratum 1 = S1 Stratum 2 = S2 [root] [[root] S1] Mendel Mendel-ian Mongol Mongol-ian [[[root] S1] S2] [[[root] S2] S1] Mendel-ian-ism *Mendel-ism-ian Mongol-ian-ism *Mongol-ism-ian Theory predicts that Stratum 1 affixes come closer to the root that Stratum 2 affixes Stratum 2 affixes appear on the outer layer and Stratum 1 affixes are on the inner layer If Stratum 2 affixes appear on the inside of Stratum 1 affixes the result is
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 7

Part II notes - Part II Morphology and Its Relation to...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online