Introduction_to_Middle_Ages_Notes_201_ - J. Jones E. 201...

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J. Jones E. 201 Middle Ages Notes Introduction to Middle Ages (49c to 1485 AD or CE) -time span from collapse of Roman empire to the Renaissance -Invasion of Celtic England by Germanic tribes (Angles-east/north; Saxons-southwest; Jutes (Kent) -period of enormous historical, social, and linguistic change via Norman Conquest of 1066 led by William the Conqueror -language: Old English-unlearned-German; French-aristocracy; Danes-Latin-learned -oral tradition (oral formulaic poetry): scop / What is history? Is oral history truly arbitrary? Infiltration of Christianity -Pagan: conversion of Emperor Constantine by St. Augustine -influenced literacy and production of books/manuscripts -Christian books (Bede’s ecclesiastical history) markers of history-not just religion -strong belief in fate (wyrd) vs. Christianity’s idea of faith. Germanic Heroic Code: (loyalty to king/lord) -what is true identity? -Anglo-Saxon concept of self (identity linked to fate and not always ancestors) -conflicts with pagan cultural codes and Christianity -blood vengeance (wergild: man price) vs. forgiveness -Anglo-saxons converted, but adapted Christian ideals to their own heroic ideals (Christ as Hero, etc./ Beowulf as savior, etc.) Key Terms and Definitions: Elegy : formal and sustained lament in verse for the death of a particular person, usually ending in a consolation. Epithet
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This note was uploaded on 05/18/2011 for the course ENGL 201 taught by Professor Jones during the Summer '10 term at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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Introduction_to_Middle_Ages_Notes_201_ - J. Jones E. 201...

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