1-20-11 - Ethnic identity Scripts o Phonetic vs....

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Historical Patterns of China’s Past 20/01/2011 11:58:00 Dynastic Cycle Emperor was divine Chinese history unique because it is never interrupted, detailed history of  each of the dynasties. Very reliable records of it’s past Dynastic Cycle Stage 1 o Land reclamation; light taxation; efficient government Stage 2 o –population growth; economic expansion; urbanization Stage 3 o Expanded government; land concentration; increased tax burden Stage 4 o Government corruption and inefficiency; dislocation of the landless;  social instability; rebellion/foreign invasion; economy devastated;  population wiped out Implications? o “Revolution” (geming) as a tradition o “Mandate of Heaven” (tianming): source of legitimacy When dynasty gets overturned, rebels claim they have lost the  mandate of heaven o The Communist Revolution and the People’s Republic Why Unification? No real geographical barriers
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Unformatted text preview: Ethnic identity Scripts o Phonetic vs. pictographic: they use the same characters shared language o Hydraulic Civilization (Karl A. Wittfogel, Oriental Despotism Huge problem of water control floods etc In order to survive, huge efforts to control flooding. Mobilize millions of people, impossible for any individual ruler A civil society Lack of powerful churches and feudal lords Division and Unification Implications? Sinocentrism China as the center of the world o Zhongguo (Middle Kingdom) China as the only civilized land o Zhonghua/huaxia o Everyone outside are barbarians Why? o Geographic Isolation China proper isolated by mts of Tibet, deserts, siberia o Advanced culture and economy Silk weaving had a long history, porcelain wares 20/01/2011 11:58:00 20/01/2011 11:58:00...
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1-20-11 - Ethnic identity Scripts o Phonetic vs....

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