1. Pre-Revolutionary 1917

1. Pre-Revolutionary 1917 - 1/20/11 Opposition 1. Populists...

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1/20/11 Opposition 1. Populists a. “Going to the People” (1874) Terrorism b. Assasinated: Nikolai Kibalchich: finally succeeded in assassinating Tsar Alexander II on May 13, 1881 i. En route to Winter Palace; killed by second bomb that lured him out of bullet-proof carriage ii. Lenin’s elder brother, Alexander Ulyanov took part in assassination of Alexander III on March 1, 1887 and executed in Petersburg c. Socialist Revolutionaries (SRs) i. Leader = Victor Chernov 2. Marxists: “Communist Manifesto” a. Lenin: Personality and Theory i. Not allowed in higher universities in Petersburg and starts to follow revolutionary path ii. Writes “What is to be done” in favor of Marxism 1. Need a vanguard [political power]to further the revolution b. Bolshevik- Menshevik Split i. Those who don’t agree will turn into a dictatorship and form Menshevik [even though they are majority and Bolsheviks are minority] c. Liberals: Cadets and Octobrists parties 3. Political police: Okhrana
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1. Pre-Revolutionary 1917 - 1/20/11 Opposition 1. Populists...

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