History - G ulags and Great Patriotic War 3/1/11 1. Gulag...

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Gulags and Great Patriotic War 3/1/11 1. Gulag a. The dying b. Economically rational? i. One problem: quality of labor [were not paid or paid bad; didn’t care] ii. These people could have been more productive; most people had dignified professions who could have been used much better for better of state c. How many? Debate over scale; census i. Far larger than originally thought ii. Census of 1937: census in Soviet Union but did not have the numbers they thought would have; suppose to have population of 186 million but had only grown 7 million instead of 30-something million due to Great Terror, famines, etc iii. Census workers were arrested and killed for “wrong” information. Census was held again in 2 years and numbers “added up” d. Explanations for Great Terror e. Russian responsibility, guilt? i. Ultimately Stalin; starts it and headed it; others should be held responsible, including his top men used to further the cause up to the officers of the NKVD who arrested people and tortured them ii. Elements of distrust and suspicion made it hard to fight against it 1. Should the Russian people share the guilt? Yes and no, but who wanted to be a martyr 2. The Great Patriotic War: Origins [1941-1945] [war on eastern front] i. Wasn’t the US who defeated Nazi Germany it was the US who halted the
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course HIS 39930 taught by Professor Ming during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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History - G ulags and Great Patriotic War 3/1/11 1. Gulag...

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