4-5-11 - TheFreeze:PasternakAffair(10/58...

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The “Freeze”:  Pasternak Affair (10/58)      Disaffected Youth: Stilyagi Movement young people disaffected by the system, no longer believing in this  socialist utopia which is what it is supposed to be Stilyagi people have a distinct style, influenced by West, wear colorful  clothes Soviet system is slowly opening up, people slowly see what life is like  outside the country Economic Policies K is determined to de-Stalinize the system, take away the permeating  fear that had been in society Interested in improving living standards Agriculture: Virgin Lands, Prices, Plots, Corn K’s early focus is to improve the countryside (K had grown up in the  countryside) Virgin Lands Campaign o Virgin in the sense that they are uncultivated o Lot of land to be cultivated, could improve amount of food in the  country o Like a Stalinist campaign, trying to rally the nation, propaganda o Many were swept up in this campaign, people would go out there  and live in tents, primitive conditions, all to improve conditions for  ordinary people o Initially successful, harvest in ’54 – ’56  o By 60s, much of these virgin lands are abandoned (too hard to live  out there) Prices o State always paid the farmers low prices, K raises them Plots
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o K allows farmers to expand the size of their private plots Corn o K visits the US in 1959, goes out to Iowa, hosted by this farmer  named Roswell Garst o He’s very impressed with the US’s advanced agriculture o K wants to provide more meat to families, discovers he should grow  corn as a cheap feed for animals o Shows how different he was from Stalin, goes out there, explores,  experiences o K very excited about corn o But like the virgin land campaign, it has some success, needs 
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course HIS 39930 taught by Professor Ming during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas.

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4-5-11 - TheFreeze:PasternakAffair(10/58...

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