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6. The Road to Victory - The Road to Victory 1 Homefront a...

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3/10/11 The Road to Victory 1. Homefront a. Repressions: nationalities: Deportation [Chechens] i. Prisoners and penal battalions 1. Mostly prisoners and enemies of state 2. Mainly used to find mines so tank’s weren’t affected 3. If wounded but alive, you could join Red Army; if not, you remain in penal battalions 2. Economy: Initial losses a. Agriculture: machinery, labor shortage, plots i. All machinery from collective farms was turned over to military [tractors to bring supplies for units] ii. Men left for war, so mainly female did labor; big quotas still continued [in unoccupied lands]; women had to use physical labor instead of using horses, tractors iii. Scored-earth policy left much land destroyed in Western Russia; starvation ran amuck iv. Only way countryside survived: State turned blind eye and peasants expanded their private plots b. Industry: 1942 output increases 1. 55% of GDP used for military production during war ii. Mobilization of labor: women 1. Again, women used to fill the absence of labor; also used elderly men, young boys iii. Productivity: discipline, incentives, morale 1.
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