25 - 1-The Book of Songs (Shi Jing) everyday life, love,...

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1-The Book of Songs (Shi Jing) • everyday life, love, romance, family life, rules, and famous writers Each stanza has two sentences. The first is a description of what you see, natural scenery. The second is about the different phenomena. This is the typical structure for a Chinese poem. Juxtaposition gives rise to Shin: new meaning, new insight, mental stimulation. Poems about love Confucianism is seen as about morals, not love. When Confucius compiled this book, he wasn’t planning on starting an ideology. He simply wanted to help people cultivate morality. Some songs even described women running away to have affairs. Songs sung by farmer Each sentence has four characters Rhyming 2-Dream of the Red Chamber: Composed in Qing dynasty, during the 18th century One of China’s Four Great Classical Novels A love story between cousins. They are arranged to marry people they do not love. The boy abandons his family. 3-Forbidden City Built 1407-1420 in Ming dynasty Outer court south, most important part emperor presides over most important ceremonies diplomacy viewing POWs weddings Inner court north smaller main buildings used by emperor, but for less important events housing for concubines private gardens emperor spent most of his time here Gate of Heavenly Peace not part of city, but immediately in front Tiananmen emblem of government huge square in front with 2 new buildings (1950), the Museum of Natural History and the Great Hall of the People (Congress) Meridian gate 1st gate ministers beheaded here
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Gate of Supreme Harmony 2nd gate over bridge Hall of Supreme harmony can be viewed from Gate of Supreme Harmony, this view was to awe and intimid- ate foreign visitors supposed to be highest building in China most important building in city sundial, where Son of Heaven (emperor) communicates with Heaven 3 terraces Bronze statues of crane and tortoise, symbolizing longevity for the emperor and the dynasty •Architecture Paintings under the eaves -- dragons: symbol of the emperor, exclusive decora- tions for imperial architecture, associated with a male ruler Small creatures, descendants of dragons, on the 4 corners of the roof, ward of evil spirits and disasters Balustrades Banisters with dragons Throne -- plaque above throne reads, “Just, Fair, Enlightened” and is supposed to describe the ruler Stone carving a single stone weighing 250 tons to transport it, people constructed a very smooth path, poured water on the surface to make it slippery, and 100s of people moved it forms a path to move the emperor’s sedan chair over, only for the emperor Hall of Union and Peace -- 2 characters reading “Wuwei” Palace of Terrestrial Tranquillity in the Inner Court for Empress and servants only paintings of phoenix, symbol of female members of Imperial family 2 dragons in the middle, 2 phoenix on either side, symbol of union/balance between male and female forces
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course HIS 39930 taught by Professor Ming during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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25 - 1-The Book of Songs (Shi Jing) everyday life, love,...

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