GOOD - 1. The Pospelov Commission, headed by the eponymous...

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1. The Pospelov Commission, headed by the eponymous Pyotr Pospelov, was a commission formed in 1955 under Khrushchev in order to analyze the cult of personality that surrounded Stalin. One way in which this cult was examined was through the death of Kirov, who many believed was killed indirectly by Stalin. Kirov’s death was part of Stalin’s repression early on in his career, as it allowed for him to both retain and buttress his power (given the emergency decrees that fol- lowed Kirov’s death). Pospelov later drafted Khrushchev’s famous ‘Secret Speech,’ that pilloried Stalin among party officials. 1. Pospelov Commission The Pospelov Commission was a Commission of the CP Central Com- mittee, held by Pospelov (Secretary of the CC) in December 1955. It was meant to investigate on the 1930s repression in the Soviet Union, and more specifically on the Kirov assassina- tion. This Commission was held while Khrushchev was in office. It had a great significance since it laid the basis for Khrushchev’s speech “On the personality cult and its consequences” (written by Pospelov) at the 20 th party congress in 1956, that criticized Stalin. This speech, or Khrushchev Report, marked a huge turning point in the history of the SU; because Stalin’s cruel policies and cult of personality were disowned for the first time. The influence of this speech was huge in the world: Mao criticized it, but it changed the view of a lot of European intellectuals who were communists. 2. Anti Party Group: group led by Malenkov, Molotov, and Kaganovich that in mid 1957 tried to depose Khrushchev as First Secretary and replace him with Molotov. The crisis in Hungary and the decentraliza- tion of economic power from Moscow were both significant causes of this coup attempt. Within the Polit- buro Khrushchev is charged with making arbitrary and hasty policies and of undermining the authority of communism by denouncing Stalin. Khrushchev was promised the job of Ministry of Agriculture if he wentquietly; if not he was threatened with arrest. Khrushchev was supported by Brezhnev and Zhukov, and Zhukov at times hinted that if Khrushchev was removed the military will intervene against the anti- party group. Khrushchev is able to successfully argue that the Politburo cannot remove him, and that only the CC can do that. The CC is eventually convened in Moscow days later and by the time it meets Khrushchev had already essentially secured his position. Khrushchev, in an abrupt volte-face from Stalin- ism, arrests none of the members of the anti-party group, lets them all to live, and allows them to keep working for the government (although in much less important jobs). For instance Molotov becomes the ambassador to Mongolia while Malenkov is made director of a hydroelectric plant in Kazakhstan. 2. The Anti-Party Group was a group within the leadership of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course HIS 39930 taught by Professor Ming during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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GOOD - 1. The Pospelov Commission, headed by the eponymous...

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