ID'S - 1 The Pospelov Commission headed by the eponymous...

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1. The Pospelov Commission, headed by the eponymous Pyotr Pospelov, was a commission formed in 1955 under Khrushchev in order to analyze the cult of personality that surrounded Stalin. One way in which this cult was examined was through the death of Kirov, who many believed was killed indirectly by Stalin. Kirov’s death was part of Stalin’s repression early on in his career, as it allowed for him to both retain and buttress his power (given the emergency decrees that followed Kirov’s death). Pospelov later drafted Khrushchev’s famous ‘Secret Speech,’ that pilloried Stalin among party officials. 2. The Anti-Party Group was a group within the leadership of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union that unsuccessfully attempted to depose Nikita Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Party in May 1957. Led by former Premiers Georgy Malenkov and Vyacheslav Molotov, the group rejected both Khrushchev's liberal- ization of Soviet society and his denunciation of the personality cult of Stalin and Stalin's crimes. They be- lieved that Khrushchev's policy of peaceful coexistence would leave the Soviet Union open to attack. The leaders of the group - Malenkov, Molotov and Lazar Kaganovich - were joined at the last minute by For- eign Minister Dmitri Shepilov, whom Kaganovich had convinced that the group had a majority. In fact, in the Presidium the group's proposal to replace Khrushchev as First Secretary with Nikolai Bulganin won with 7 to 4 votes, but Khrushchev argued that only the plenum of the Central Committee could remove him from office. At an extraordinary session of the Central Committee held in late June, Khrushchev argued that his opponents were an "anti-party group". 1) Molotov was sent as ambassador to Mongolia 2)Malen- kov became director of a hydroelectric plant in Kazakhstan 3) Kaganovich became director of a small po- tassium factory in the Urals 4) Shepilov became head of the Economics Institute of the local Academy of Sciences of Kirgizstan. Khrushchev's treatment of his opponents was a notable departure from earlier prac- tice in Soviet politics as with Stalin. 3. Hungarian uprising-A nationwide anti-regime demonstration against the government of Hungary and its Soviet-imposed policies that began on Oct. 23, 1956. Soviet troops tried to restore order but in vain. On Oct. 28, Imre Nagy negotiated a cease-fire and the withdrawal of Soviet troops. On Nov. 1 he declared that Hungary had left the Warsaw Pact. However, the Soviets misled Hungary about their intentions, and sent in their troops to attack again on Nov. 4. After bitter fighting, the Soviets would eventually take back control of the country. Nagy was arrested and executed and Janos Kadar was installed as the new leader. Partially blamed on de-Stalinisation, which worked to foment conflict throughout Eastern Europe. The uprising in Hungarian worked to set back the cause of de-Stalinisation in Eastern Europe, and also weakened the So- viet Union abroad. 4.
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ID'S - 1 The Pospelov Commission headed by the eponymous...

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