NOTES - :48PM OppositiontoTsarism (SRs...

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Russian History since 1917 1/20/11 12:48 PM Opposition to Tsarism Alexander II assassinated Socialist Revolutionaries (SRs) Marxists: “Communist Manifesto” Lenin: Personality & Theory o Strategy: “What is to be done?” Bolshevik – Menshevik Split Liberals: Cadets & Octobrists Political Police (Okhrana)  Nicholas II: Reluctant Tsar o Personality & Political Philosophy o Family: Empress Alexandra & Tsarevich Russo-Japanese War o Defeats -> Discontent, including conservative  1905 Revolution o Father Gapon: Petition to the Tsar (Jan. 9)  “Bloody Sunday” -> Nationwide Unrest o October General Strike -> Oct. Manifesto o Soviet (Trotsky) -> December Uprising Backlash: Anti-Semetic Pogroms & Punitive expeditions  o Some 600 peasants thought to be radicals executed Constitutional Experiment o Electoral system; Performance of Dumas o Stolypin Land Reforms: “Wager on the Strong”
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Allowed you to inherit land Encouraged peasants to have a stake Allowed you to consolidate  ½  of all peasants lands were inheritable Only 10% were consolidated o Attempt on Stolypin’s life in 1910 Survived, but daughter injured o Stolypin assassinated the following year at an opera house o Economic Growth Labor Unrest: Lena Goldfields Massacre (4/12) Took place in Siberia Horrible conditions April 1912 gold workers go on strike Employer calls in military to force workers back into work A couple hundred are killed World War 1:  o Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated in Sarajevo. o Euorpe divided into Armed camps o Trouble in the Balkans o Eastern Front: Unprepared-> Military setbacks o Russia allies with Prussia and Austria o Russia loses 2 million men o Men very unequipped  o Serious discontent brewing o
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  • Spring '09
  • Ming
  • Provisional Government, :48 PM, war •Civil War, POWER •Provisional Government, Bolsheviks Had, War •The Petrograd

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