CHINA NOTES FOR TEST - Intro to China ,Introduction...

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Intro to China ,Introduction Eurocentric view of the world o Atlantic is the dividing line o “far east” Chinese map o Pacific is the dividing line o West viewed as barbaric o China is only civilized people What is China? o Historically: “China Proper” o Han Chinese 90.5% o Land populated 36% o Changed over time to “Greater China” o Today it’s the “People’s Republic of China” 23 provinces 5 autonomous regions (non Han Chinese) 4 municipalities o Today – “Republic if China” People’s Republic + Mongolia o “Greater China” China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao, Chinese diasporas o “Sinic civilization” Confucian values Mahayana Buddhism Chinese characters
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Rice agriculture o Geography East China – plains NE China – 2 nd largest plain South China – hills/forestation (hard to farm) Coastal areas – most of the population Chinese in SE China migrate away Reason why there are so many Chinese diasporas SW China – many plateau Soil infertile Harsh condtions Living standard low Inner Mongolia – nomadic people thrive Origins of Chinese Civilization Review: o Chinese thought everyone else were barbarians, and they were superior It was ok for outsiders to come into the culture, but unthinkable for the Chinese to learn from other cultures o Invaders would convert to Chinese customs o Cultural conservatism was the biggest barrier to Chinese modernization in the 20 th century Ethnic Origins o Pan Gu Came from a rock Before him, cosmos was nothing
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A rock emerged, Pan Gu came from it Lived 80,000 years He chopped the rock, split in two halves, he died Two halves became heaven and earth Body became different parts of nature Not a god, never worshipped o The Yellow Emperor (Huang Di) forefather of the Chinese nation no hard evidence of existence lived 370 years still annual sacrificial ritual devoted to the Yellow Emperor o Peking Man 500,000 years ago Zhoukoudian, Beijing Evolution somewhere between apes and modern man Part of pride of Chinese nation – can trace origins back 500,000 years o Journey of humankind – modern humans originated in sub-Saharan Africa and dispersed within the last 100,000 years Economic Origins o Neolithic Cultures (12,000-3,000 B.C.E.) o Painted pottery o Ancient dwelling – Banpo village, Shaanxi province o Remains from sites of Yangshao culture (5000-3000 B.C.E.) Millet, rice, silk – evidence of farmers
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Bones of dogs and pigs Bows, arros, spears Silk found at Qingtai of Ahengzhour, Henan Province 3000 B.C.E. o Evidence of sedentary life Cultural Origins o Shang Dynasty (1600-1046 B.C.E.) o Oracle-bone Inscriptions of the Shang dynasty Emperor always had diviners to help him make decisions (such as going into battle) o Bronze vessels of Shang dynasty Ritual vessel Religious purposes Origins of Chinese State
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CHINA NOTES FOR TEST - Intro to China ,Introduction...

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