Class Notes Unit 2 - 3/22/11: Art and Architecture in T...

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Unformatted text preview: 3/22/11: Art and Architecture in T raditional China Calligraphy o Highest form of art in China o Different styles, evolved over time o Oracle bone inscriptions of the Shang Only 60% of symbols have been interpreted We know they are records of divination o Bronze Vessel inscriptions (greater seal style) of Western Zhou 11 th century-771BC o Xiaozhuan (lesser seal styles) script of the Qin 221-206 BC) o Lishu Script (clerkly script, written on bamboo slips) of the Han 206BC-220AD Have to use a brush and ink o Kaishu script (regular/standard script) Used in Taiwan, and other places o Running script (Preface to the Lanting Collection of Poems) By Wang Xizhi (303- 361) of the Jin (AD 265-420) o Handscroll by Emperor Huizong (1082-1135, Song Dynasty) o Cursive script (autobiography by Huai Su, 730s-770s, Tang Dynasty) o Modern simplified used in China and Singapore as the official writing system Painting o Wall painting from the Han Dynasty (206 BC AD 220) o Academic painting Travelers among mountains and streams Hanging scroll by Fan Kuan 10 th-11 th century Song dynasty o Literati Painting Professionals Handscroll by Zhao Mengfu (Yuan Dynasty 1279-1368) Architecture o The Forbidden City Built 1407-1420 Symmetry Outer court most important and biggest Inner court smaller Tiananmen (Gate of Heavenly Peace) Tiananmen Square Meridian Gate Gate of Supreme Harmony Hall of Supreme Harmony 3/24/11 Forbidden City o Structures all around symbolize power of emperor; symmetry o Sundial symbolizes place where Son of Heaven (emperor) can communicate with heaven o Bronze crane means longevity o Tortoise - means longevity o Paintings of dragons o Statues on edge of buildings to protect against evil spirits or disasters o Foundation banisters decorated with dragons and clouds (imperial power) o Thrown inside, no longer accessible; Emperor hides name of successor behind plaque o Stone carving one single rock carved with dragons; 16.6 m long, 250 tons o Hall of Union and Peace plaque saying non-action; idea of self- government o Wife quarters phoenix represents female The Temple of Heaven o Tiantan (Temple of Heaven) in Beijing, established in 1420 during the reign of Ming emperor Yongle (r. 1403-1424) o The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests Twice a year the emperor came her to perform the most sanctified rituals of the empire. On the 15 th day of the first lunar month, he sacrificed to ensure an abundant grain harvest. At the winter solstice, he expressed his gratitude for the blessing from Heaven....
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Class Notes Unit 2 - 3/22/11: Art and Architecture in T...

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