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discussion-2 - 15 Why did Confucius believe that “li”...

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Introduction to China Discussion topics March 8, 2011 1. What are the differences between Hinayana Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism? 2. Where does Chan (Zen) Buddhism differ from Pure Land Buddhism. 3. Where does the Perfect Truth Sect differ from the Heavenly Master’s Sect in the Daoist religion. 4. What is Yijing (I-Ch’ing) or The Book of Change ? 5. Why was Kangxi emperor important in Chinese history? 6. What were the ecological, economic, and technological consequences of population growth in late imperial China? 7. How would you describe the traditional Chinese state? 8. What was new to Neo-Confucianism? 9. What was the Civil Service Examination System? What were its social and political consequences? 10. What are the “Three Obediences” and “Four Qualifications” for traditional Chinese women? 11. Why was footbinding important for traditional Chinese women? 12. What are the characteristics of a traditional Chinese family? 13. What are the meanings of “ren” in Confucius’s teachings? 14. What is “li” (rituals/rules of propriety)? Why is “li” important?
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Unformatted text preview: 15. Why did Confucius believe that “li” was a better means than laws and punishment to govern the people? 16. What is the biggest difference between the ideas of Confucius and Mozi? 17. Where does Mozi’s idea of “universal love” differ from Confucius’s idea of ren? 18. Did Confucius and Mozi believe in any kind of supernatural power? What is it? Are they religious? 19. Why did Han Fei Zi stress the use of law rather than the cultivation of ren? 20. According to Han Fei Zi, what are the most effective means to discipline government officials? 21. What is Dao? 22. What is “wu-wei” (non-action)? Why did Laozi stress non-action? 23. What are the major differences between Confucianism and Daoism? 24. Compare among Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism, focusing on their different understandings of 1) personal goals; 2) methods of government; and 3) approaches of learning....
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