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Unformatted text preview: Intro to China NOTES Final !! April 12, 2011 • The rise of Mai • All communist parties in dif parts of the work were under leadership of comm in- ternational • They apt general leaders around national • Mao was now strong enough to have int. confrontation, • To place army head on agst national u have to confront them rather than retreat • Red army had to retreat and go which ever direction dunno where going or how to survive • Most died and were captured • After month fleeing found somewhere to stay and survive • Long march lasted 1 yr • Moment when red army had to overcome difficulties and fight lots of battles, sev- eral occasions were surrounded and almost wiped out but survived • Time that communist displayed courage/ communist spirits/ self sacrifice on the way of the long march • After long march a turning pt • The xi an incident • w/o this the comm would have been wiped out by nationals • this completely changed the fait of the comm fort • the reason Zhang attacked army for 2 reasons • to wipe out communist • weaken some guys army • The second GMD-CCP Alliance 1937 -1945 • Traditional policy of land reform was terminated and turned to double reduction • In order to pay taxes land lords were asked to reduce rent 50%--> 37.5% • And interest on loans reduced from 3%-->1.5% • From beg communist expanded to have a military more than 1mill • Jap invasion was a great factor in communist • The civil war (after jap surrended In 1945) • Another war between nationalists and communists • 3 major • north east china: • strat most critical pt in civil war, chinas modering aspects were concentrated • it was militarily and econ the most impt area • but after ww2 was occupied by red army of civil union • east china • more than million soldiers were defeated • dejin and bejing • the so called peaceful liberation • bc of general of nationalist • after 3 claims nationalists were defeated and that ends civil war and communist rev • why were com able to defeat nationalist? • National army was lg 8mil soldier, comm 1mill • Comm defeated in 4 yrs • Reasons: • Land reform: • Land reform in civ war yrs was very ; millions of ppl received land given by comm, and were glad to join red war • Strategic mistakes: • Extended line and occupied forms: • Occupy specific areas, control rail roads • Lack of cooperation • Unlike the comm soldiers who had stong motivation the national soldiers had no motives and weren’t well treated by officers • Most died of malnutrition • Low morale and defections • Intelligence work of ccp • Loss of popular support-inflation: • Most ppl who lived on salaries were in poverty and were discontent with national- ists • Transition to som (after 1949) • “The peoples republic of china “ • petty bourgeoisie • people who live on different professions, and have enough means to make a de- cent living • doctors, professors •...
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course CHEM 51615 taught by Professor Fatima during the Spring '11 term at University of Texas.
- Spring '11