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Unformatted text preview: HIS 306N Origins of Chinese Civilization 3/9/11 7:41 PM Ethic Origins Pan Gu : The Chinese Creation Story o Pan Gu emerged from a giant rock (there was nothing besides this rock at the beginning of the universe) o He split the giant rock into two halves, killing himself in the processone half of the rock became heaven, the other became earth o The world as it is now came to be with all the parts of Pan Gu s body o SIGNIFICANCE: Pan Gu was not seen as a god or deityhe was merely a legendary figure of this creation myth Yellow Emperor : The Father of the Chinese nation o he was the head of a Chinese tribe, and later unified other tribes Peking Man: remains of a hominid found near Beijing (approx. 500k years old) o SIGNFICANCE: for years, this gave the Chinese people hope that their ancestry could be traced all the way back to its origination, and it originated in China! (over time, other theories have prevailed Out of Africa , etc.) Economic Origins Banpo Village o artifacts found: painted pottery, bows & arrows, spears, silk, rice* o Sedentary life*: the people of the Banpo Village, by the remains of their dwellings, seemed to have a lived a sedentary life (they settled) Cultural Origins Shang Dynasty (1600-1046 BC) o Oracle-bone inscriptions of the Shang dynasty: these were used by the rulers definers to record SIGNIFICANCE: the inscriptions document the activates of the rulersand they were consistent with other books SIGNIFICANCE: this was the original source for Chinese characters o Bronze vessels of the Shang Dynasty used for religious purposessacrificial gestures to ancestors Origins of the Chinese State Western Zhou dynasty (1066-770 BC) o the Zhou Dynasty was the age when the foundation for Chinese civilization was founded: institutions, political philosophy, etc. o Feudal system: there was a system of states (a key precedent in and of itself) and the ruler would appoint his children and inner-circle to run these statesthey would then pass authority on in the same manner o Well-field System: manners (tracts of land, I guess?) were generally divided into 9 pieces8 of them were leased out to private farmersthe 9 th piecegenerally in the middle, and usually the most fertilewould be cultivated by all of the surrounding farmers and turned over to their lord The Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC): The Age of Hegemons o the dukes in certain parts of China were no longer as faithful to the kingthey obtained their own regional power these were known as hegemons o Duke Huang of Qi universal taxation early marriage (male 20; female 15) () early salt production (...) (...) () The Warring States (475-221 BC) o The Rise of Qin: the Qin state emerged most powerful from the Warring states periodreasons why: it was the largest state after conquering another nearby state (after that, their land and population accounted for a third of all...
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course CHEM 51615 taught by Professor Fatima during the Spring '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.
- Spring '11
- Ordinary People