IDs Answers - a. Battle of Kursk- Battle of Kursk [7/43]...

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a. Battle of Kursk-- Battle of Kursk [7/43] – German Counter- Offensive 1. last chance for Germans to push back against SU 2. year after ’43 was D-Day in November 1944; mainly just to protect mainland Europe from Soviet influence ii. Tool Long Delayed; Greatest tank battle ever Non-aggression pact a. Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, 1939 1. Stalin replaces Litvinov with Molotov as foreign minister 2. Nazi’s aimed at Poland next 3. Germany and SU sign non-aggression pact in Aug 1939; were to split up Poland 4. Stalin thought he had outwitted the West ; they had so far not attempted to aid SU Zhuko Lend-lease a. Lend-lease: scale – significance? iii. Leased military supplies to SU; GB received more, however. Was suppose to pay US after war, but who knows it really did iv. T-34 better than American Sherman tanks v. SU really wanted trucks and the Katuyshka rockets were put on these trucks; also needed stuff like boots and belts while the Soviets worked on producing tanks, airplanes, and rockets 1. Most of these supplies arrive during mid 1942 and 1943 2. Doesn’t play a big role at battle of Stalingrad; were just getting them 3. Impact: these extra things let the Soviets move deeper and deeper in Eastern Europe once they push back the Nazis 4. Wanted a second front in Western Europe; FDR said it would happen in 1942 but doesn’t occur until 1944 vi. Significance: not big role in battles in eastern front but allows Soviets to push into Europe Order 227/ order 270 i. Order 227: “Not one Step Backwards” 1. Stalin orders it after German summer offensive 2. On July 1942; says Germans are raping, pillaging, destroying Russia; need this new slogan to push them back; can’t have a retreat mentality : if you abandon your position, you are shot a. Used blocking units [well armed and confident soldiers] behind unreliable units to push them forward and threaten death if they got disorderly and panicked and fled b. Prisoners of war [order 270]
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1. Germans had no plans for the huge amounts of SU POW’s taken; SU troops basically allowed to starve; the first 3 million POW’s died; any Jews and Soviet communists immediately killed 2. Britain, French, and US POW’s treated much better 3. Stalin’s first son Yakov captured as POW; Stalin refused to trade him for Nazi’s officers; Yakov threw himself into electric fence and died ii. Many soldiers desert army but are later captured ; iii. Order 270: any deserters of soldiers or officers are to be killed and their families to be arrested 1. The soldier much use every ability to fight and soldiers who are captured are seen as deserters and their families are denied of state assistance Katyn massacre i. Polish question: Katyn Forest Massacre 1. Masscare: 5000 Polish officers killed by Stalin during German-Soviet agreement; Soviets denied it but was proved later 2. Poland was reason GB and France entered war Yalta conference b.
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IDs Answers - a. Battle of Kursk- Battle of Kursk [7/43]...

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