intro to china notes - 1/27/11 -Qin Empire, 1st unified...

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1/27/11 -Qin Empire, 1 st unified Chinese empire - The first of histories. The Siji written by Sima Chen or the Book of Histories 2/3/11 -“hundred schools” -the most influential and popular were Confucianism, Mohism, Legalism, Taoism Mohism -Started by Mozi. Profit and utility, universal love, the will of heaven -taught his followers practical means to make a living -improve the profit and well being of people, his ideas were very utilitarian as he judged value of things by their practicality -human relations should be built upon universal love and affection towards others. Different from Confucianism as love was incremental; first to parents and then etc. Legalism -Han Fei Zi did not create the idea of Legalism but synthesized the ideas of legalism into a coherent philosophy. -philosophy of history as progressive, things improve over the passing of time -Use of laws in order to keep people in order, harsh punishments for bad behavior and rewards for good behavior -a good ruler should not trust anyone else as not everyone else has his best interests in mind. Rulers should concentrate power in their own hands Daoism (Taoism) -founder of Daoism Laozi, literally meaning old master -no one really knows who Laozi was -the book of Dao de jing contains the teachings of Laozi; the legend of the Dao de jing states that as Laozi was leaving China in search of more peaceful lands, he wrote down his ideas for garrison troops who stopped him before leaving -Yin and Yang cannot be separated from each other, they are interchangeable and merge into each other -Relativity; all things are related to each other and derive meaning from each other
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-non-action -modesty, conservativeness, Daoist approach may be considered representativeness of Chinese approach -Theravada Buddhism in southeast asia and Mahayana Buddhism -Therevada was the small or lesser vehicle, Mahayana was the greater vehicle -Therevada -Sakayamuni is the only Buddha -Sri Lanka, Thailand, Burma, Laos, Cambodia -Illusion, no eternal self -suffering and dissatisfaction is universal -four noble truths/eightfold noble path, sakyamuni was the one who found how to -monastic life/meditation and concentration Mahayana -worship of a series of Buddhas and Bodhisattvas -The Three Bodies -Body of Magical Transformation (occupying the earth – Guatama Siddhartha) -Body of Bliss -Body of Essence -Arhathood open to all believers Origins of Buddhism Ancient religious ideas -Samsara (reincarnation) -Karma. Your moral records and behavior in this life and determines the form of life taken after death -Nirvana -born as a prince, Guatama Siddhartha was kept confined to the palace so as to be shielded from the truth of human suffering. Eventually he saw illness, old age, and death, and decided to live a life in search of truth and freedom of suffering
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-Four Noble Truths: Discovery that there is suffering due to human wants and needs. To be saved from
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intro to china notes - 1/27/11 -Qin Empire, 1st unified...

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