RUS HIST 1917
TUESDAY April 5
Pasternak Affair → a famous writer, escaped the great terror, translated shakespeare into russian
-dr. zhivago; hoped to be published in Soviet Union, smuggled out of country
-not anti-soviet, but kruschev got ahold of it
-not arrested, not forced to give up dacha, denounced in the press
-retreat from liberal policies
Disaffected Youth: Stilyagi Movement
-young people enamored with the West, chances to see what life is like outside the country
**Interested in improving standard of living
Kruschev deffended collectivization, but knew about the backwardness of the countryside
Virgin lands → untilled, uncultivated land, there was a lot of it, to improve amount of food
-a Stalinist campaign.
...300,000 pl would go out to these areas, but primitive conditions b.c
nothing was there, although successful
-harvest 54-55 was above before, but also b/ c of tractors, improvements
-an attempt, initially successful, but extended to areas that weren't suitable
2. prices → improve what collective farms receive
3. plots → increased household plots, the market for selling their crops improved
4. corn → Kruschev went to Iowa.
....amazed how advanced US agriculture is, he wants to provide
more meat for S Union, by growing corn, and inexpensive crop for fodder
-needed area for growing corn, wanted quick fixes without regarding issues of
**countryside remains bleak, young pl want to get away from.
..would try to escape
-population mainly female.
....and young pl
** problems in cities, GDP grows 5.9%.
half of Kruschev era, growth gets slower
Decentralization → (Regional Econ. Councils)
C. Standard of Living
Housing → communal apartments, very crowded, couch fold out bed.
....had to share the kitchen
(for a few families.
...didn't choose to live together)
Kruschev would issue housing boom.
..apartments were 5 stories high, “Kruschev slums”
-typically build in blocks in factories and placed in with concrete
-source of criticism, built cheaply,
People are eating better, job security, people also have more leisure time.
..b.c work week is better
got vacation time from work
Life in Soviet Union:
enjoy working on the land
women → state decides to end ban on abortion, desired to increase the size of the population
-were still getting them, but remains campaign against them
**abortion form of contraception, b.c didn't provide it.